anthro exam 2 complete

anthro exam 2 complete - Grosjean 1 Matt Grosjean...

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Grosjean 1 Matt Grosjean Anthropology MWF 10-10:50 November 21, 2007 Professor Boyd Brown Around the world, the act of giving a gift is usually not a philanthropic experience. Long and/or short strings, relative to time, are bound to gifts creating a sort of dependency on the receiver to reciprocate in some way at some later time, or so the giver can boast about contributions freely given and expect subservience or humility in the receiver’s attitudes. Articles written by Cronk and Schuler and Hashemi convey the social, political, and spiritual ideology of a few societies in relation to giving and receiving gifts. One way to think of gifts is as a way to humiliate rivals if or when they were not able to reciprocate the gift. The disgraced recipient then feels obligated to give the gift back in a more elaborate form in order to feel that the gift has been made up in interest or even to give back the feeling of humility in a higher amount (Cronk 114). The Mukogodo have a very interesting way of teaching their children the reciprocity surrounding gift giving. In order to make their children understand the importance of the obligation involved in receiving a gift and the strings that are attached, mothers, quite literally, ask the child to give up the candy right out of the child’s mouth and allow the mother to have a taste (Cronk 113). The Mukogodo and the !Kung engage in a similar practice of belittling gifts given to them. By receiving gifts with an upturned nose in this way, the expected return of another gift was diminished by the making the giver feel that he/she had not given as much as previously thought. This also allows more freedom for the recipient to give back less, in goods or even in information when anthropologists are involved, than may be a proper reciprocation. To the ! Kung, there is not all that much to be gained from giving or receiving a gift economically, but
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Grosjean 2 socially the gain is much greater. It seems that building a working, long-term relationship between giver and recipient is a much greater and more valued consequence of giving and receiving (Cronk 113-114). Social gains are also the main interest in post-industrial societies and in the age of the production of knowledge and information instead of goods. In the US, Cronk points out; the main goal of scholars is to accrue prestige. A true gift, on the academic stage, is the gift of knowledge published without monetary gain to the author. This way, the donor of this great gift of knowledge is renowned by those who use this gift and honor the donor with respect. The strings attached to this gift include the hope that the author will be given real acknowledgment when other scholars hold article in high esteem when referencing it (Cronk 114-115). This shows that in America, a gift of knowledge contributed freely to the academic community holds much more clout and gives the author much more of the originally intended prestige than an article written in exchange for money. An article written by Schuler and Hashemi explains how in Bangladesh, the presence of a
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course ANTHRO 106 taught by Professor Greene during the Fall '08 term at Eastern CT.

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anthro exam 2 complete - Grosjean 1 Matt Grosjean...

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