Doyle-Kant, Liberal Legacies, and Foreign Affairs

Doyle-Kant, Liberal Legacies, and Foreign Affairs - Kant...

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Kant, Liberal Legacies, and Foreign Affairs-----Doyle --Scholars judge that international relations are governed by perceptions of national security and the balance of power; liberal principles and institutions, when they do intrude, confuse and disrupt the pursuit of balance of power politics. -- Liberalism has strengthened the prospects for a world peace established by the steady expansion of a separate peace among liberal societies. --Liberalism has been identified with an essential principle-the importance of the freedom of the individual. Foundation of Liberalism: Liberalism calls for freedom from arbitrary authority, often called “negative freedom,” which includes freedom of conscience, a free press and free speech, equality under the law, and the right to hold, and therefore to exchange, property without fear of arbitrary seizure. Liberalism also calls for those rights necessary to protect and promote the capacity and opportunity for freedom, the “positive freedoms.” Such social and economic rights and equality of opportunity in education and participation, are thus among liberal rights. A third liberal right, democratic participation or representation, is necessary to guarantee the other two. Public legislation has to express the will of the citizens making laws for their own community. Laissez-faire or “conservative” liberalism-citizens possess juridical equality, representative legislatures, economy rests on rights of property, economic decisions shaped by supply and demand, free from strict control by bureaucracies.
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