Psych review2

Psych review2 - Psych review 1 4 types of learning a Basic...

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Psych review 1. 4 types of learning: a. Basic Learning processes i. 1. repeated exposure to stimulus 2. interrelated ii. Latent learning—practice makes perfect, no reinforcements iii. Insight learning—“the aha! Experience” lightbulb going off— suddenly realizing the solution to a problem b. Classical Conditioning—a stimulus that doesn’t really mean anything brings a reflexive response due to its association with a stimulus that naturally brings up that same response c. Operant conditioning—using the consequences of an action to influence its likelihood of reoccurrence d. Social (observational) Learning—occurs when behaviors change after watching others perform the behavior…”monkey see monkey do” CHECK NOTES! ....vicarious learning is when you learn that someone is bad or mean because you’ve seen him/her punish someone else. (use others’ experiences/consequences to conclude something) i. Bobo doll experiment—when kids see violence, they become more violent 2. Classical conditioning vs. operant conditioning Reflexes voluntary behavior Stimulus b4 response stimulus after response No consequences reinforcements/punishments Simple associations complex behavior Learns a stimulus learns a behavior (response) Conditioned stimulus vs unconditioned stimulus—conditioned is when it has been altered or modified to bring upon the response, unconditioned is when it brings the response naturally Conditioned response vs. unconditioned response—when the response is natural, it is unconditioned and the conditioned response is when it has been learned Reinforcement—it increases the likelihood of the response reoccurrence Punishment—decreases the likelihood of a response reoccurrence In order for them to be effective— 1. satiation/deprivation…it would work better if they haven’t had it for a long time and then they get it…if they keep getting it, they wouldn’t want it anymore 2. immediancy…need to be reinforced or punished right away or it is forgotten 3. size…it should matter a lot to the subject or they wouldn’t care 4. consistency…not just random and unexpected a. b. Interval schedule…amount of time
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These can be fixed (a set amount) or variable (amount varies based on an average) Positive reinforcements—when you give the learner something good that pleases them Negative reinforcements—when you take away something that displeases them in order to please them Pos.—when you give them something that displeases them Neg.— when you take away something that pleases them in order to get them to respond Shaping—when you train the dog or person to do one major task through smaller similar tasks leading up to the major one…reinforcing at the same time. Chaining—training a person or thing to do a big task through smaller tasks that lead up to
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Psych review2 - Psych review 1 4 types of learning a Basic...

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