Feb 28- Algeria, The Slide to War

Feb 28- Algeria, The Slide to War - Algeria: The Slide to...

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Algeria: The Slide to War 1944 de Gaulle’s reforms - Instituted reforms during war time i. Easier to pass ii. Broadens base of support iii. Breaks pied noir’s strangle hold - REFORMS i. Increased local representation ii. Muslim electorate shifted to include anyone over 21 iii. Any Muslim can hold any job. 1945 Setif ends reforms and calls for assimilation o Day after Germans surrender, celebration organized. o Organized by Algerians wanting independence (political move) o Turns to riots o 103 Europeans killed - Pieds noirs are said to have killed 1,500 Algerians (some est. are 4-5x higher 1947.53 1 st armed group organized - Continued violence contributes to more support for the pieds noirs - “There’s no other solution but the machinegun” - There was not one solid movement. Inter-group conflict is present. 1954 (Nov1)Uprising begins in Aurea Mtns - Planned out date by the FLN (Front pour Libération National) - FLN controls the ALN - FLN leaders (Ben Bella, H. Bourmedienne) - Terrorist attacks by a few thousand fellahs (peasant)
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Feb 28- Algeria, The Slide to War - Algeria: The Slide to...

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