Abnormal Exam 1 Study Guide

Abnormal Exam 1 Study Guide - Abnormal Exam 1 Study Guide...

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Abnormal Exam 1 Study Guide Terms: - Abnormal psychology - the scientific study of abnormal behavior in an effort to describe, predict, explain, and change abnormal patterns of functioning - Norms - a society’s stated and unstated rules for proper conduct - Culture - a people’s common history, values, institutions, habits, skills, technology, and arts. - Trephination - an ancient operation in which a stone instrument was used to cut away a circular section of the skull, perhaps to treat abnormal behavior - Exorcism - the practice in early societies of treating abnormality by coaxing evil spirits to leave the person’s body. - Humors - according to Greek and Roman physicians, bodily chemicals that influence mental and physical functioning - Asylum - a type of institution that first became popular in the sixteenth century to provide care for persons with mental disorders. Most became virtual persons. - Moral treatment - a nineteenth- century approach to treating people with mental dysfunction that emphasized moral guidance and humane and respectful treatment. - State hospitals - state-run public mental institutions in the United States - Somatogenic perspective - the view that abnormal psychological functioning has physical causes - Psychogenic perspective - the view that the chief causes of abnormal functioning are psychological - Psychoanalysis - either the theory or the treatment of abnormal mental functioning that emphasizes unconscious psychological forces as the cause of psychopathology. - Psychotropic medications - drugs that mainly affect the brain and reduce many symptoms of mental dysfunctioning. - Deinstutionalization - the practice begun in the 1960’s, of releasing hundreds of thousands of patients from public mental hospitals. - Private psychotherapy- an arrangement in which a person directly pays a therapist for counseling services. - Prevention- interventions aimed at deterring mental disorders before they can develop. - Positive psychology- the study and enhancement of positive feelings, traits, and abilities. - Multicultural psychology- the field of psychology that examines the impact of culture, race, ethnicity, gender, and similar factors on our behaviors and thoughts, and also focuses on how such factors may influence the origin, nature, and treatment of abnormal behavior. - Culture sensitive therapies- approaches that address the unique issues faced by members of minority groups. - Gender sensitive therapies- approaches geared to the special pressures of being a woman in Western society. Also called feminist approaches.
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- Managed care program- a system of health –care coverage in which the insurance company largely controls the nature, scope, and cost of medical or psychological services.
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