Memory - Memory An active system that receives information from senses organizes and stores info and retrieves info from storage 3 memory processes

Memory - Memory An active system that receives information...

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Memory: An active system that receives information from senses, organizes and stores info and retrieves info from storage 3 memory processes Encoding (Putting it in): Process of transforming into a form that can be stored in memory Storage (Keeping it): Holding onto info for some period of time Retrieval (getting it out): getting info that is in storage into a form that can be used 3 memory systems Sensory Memory: System in which info from our senses enters the nervous system o First stage o Point at which info enters the nervous system through senses o Iconic memory: Visual Lasting for a fraction of a second Capacity: Everything that can be seen at once Duration Info that has just entered will be pushed out very quickly Eidetic imagery: Rare ability to access visual memory 30 seconds or more away o Echoic: Auditory Brief memory of something that you have just heard Capacity: Limited to what can be heard at any one moment Duration: Lasts longer than iconic, about two to four seconds o Info lost at this stage due to decay Short term/ working memory: System in which info is held for brief periods while being used o Info held for brief period of time o Working: Active system that processes or manipulates the info in STM Comprised of 3 interconnected systems o Selective attention: Ability to focus on only one stimulus from among all sensory input o Maintenance rehearsal: Say something over and over again o Two theories: Broadbent’s “bottleneck”
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