ethical theory case study

ethical theory case study - Case Study There are many...

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Unformatted text preview: Case Study There are many discussions regarding the effects of the competition between the amenities that universities provide and the value of a good education that a university offers. Universities provide great educations but sometimes are overlooked by potential students because of the facilities or services that are there to persuade students. It seems that tuition dollars are not only being increased but also in jeopardy if that university is not keeping up with other schools. Many universities are investing millions into sports complexes, skating rinks, student centers, outdoor malls, cafes, batting cages, and water parks. For example the University of Cincinnati is investing $200 million into a facility that will house an outdoor mall, shops, and cafes. Ohio State University is creating a $140 million indoor sports complex while the University of Southern Mississippi is putting plans together for a water park. These perks being offered are in the hope that more students will want to attend their school. Which who couldn't pass up a water park on campus or even an outdoor mall that you can visit in between classes? These amenities that universities are providing are affecting a lot of people. Influential high school seniors are looking for the greatest school to help them at their first time being away from home so those extras would make it a lot easier to get along without being near mom and dad. Speaking of mom and dad, these advancements on campuses is making it hard for parents to persuade their children to find the best college based on education. These parents do not want to spend thousands of dollars on a college where the student is going to get some good shopping in between classes; they want the best education for their child so they have opportunities in the future. Even though these extra things on campuses are great for increasing revenue it also declines the potential for students of lower income families to attend. Tuition keeps increasing year to year to pay for the new water parks and sports complexes but what about those students who just want a good education and don't care about the extras? This practice has definite moral implications behind what these universities are trying to accomplish. I see the universities just trying to make some extra money on this whole ordeal. Even though they are putting a lot of money out there, their goal is to increase their revenue by getting more students to attend their school. At the same time these actions will increase their popularity which will make people praise and honor them. But are they being honored and praised for the right things? We indulge in our animal nature when we live the life of pleasure because animals seek desire and feeling. But only indulging in our desire and feeling is not enough to fully satisfy the human being. Pleasure is not bad but it cannot be the sole purpose of your life. The presidents of these universities are seeking just that, pleasure. Pleasure that is a feeling and desire that will not fully satisfy a human being. In accordance with pleasure comes honor and people can lead a good life without being acknowledged by others. It's not important what the public thinks because they might not understand everything that is going on. You want to be honored for your good works and the good qualities that you possess. You also want an affirmation of who you are not who you pretend to be. These universities are seeking this honor that may not be worthy of them because in most people's minds a college is there to provide a quality of education not a fun day at the skating rink. The ultimate moral implication here is money making. Money can only buy happiness in material needs but that's all. If you have the wrong focus about what true happiness is then you can't truly find it. Money making is one of those things that you might find but it will be short-lived because it's not truly fulfilling. The presidents of these universities are looking at the money-making aspect over providing of education for these students. Also parent's money is going to pay for these extra things not for the ultimate goal which is their child's education. Aristotle explains that every action and purpose may be said to aim at some good. "But it is clear that there is a difference in ends; for the ends are sometimes activities, and sometimes results beyond the mere activities" (Brannigan, 79). Even though everything is aiming for good, the good in every activity or purpose is going to be different. The final goal of all of our actions should lead us to a good life. I question whether my campus has a skating rink or not will ultimately lead me to a good life. I don't think that is what is going to make a great campus; to me the education that in which will sustain me for the rest of my life is the most important aspect. This also deals with the ideology of telos which means that each thing has a purpose. Everything has a purpose which is innate to them. The purpose of a university is to provide the best education possible especially when students and parents are paying thousands of dollars for a great education. This purpose will help us reach our ultimate happiness, eudaimonia. Eudaimonia means that you have a good soul which correlates with being ultimately happy. If we are reaching for ultimate happiness all of our parts must be working harmoniously together. There are three souls that must work harmoniously together to reach for the aim of good and happiness, the vegetative soul, the sensitive soul, and the rational soul. "The function of man then is activity of soul in accordance with reason" (Brannigan, 83). These are not three distinct types of souls, they are three souls that all human beings must encompass to lead a good life. The rational soul which the human possesses enables us to do things with reason which I see kind of as our conscience. It's that little light bulb that turns on when something just might not be the right thing to do. As the head people of these universities are allowing these million dollar contracts to be signed, I wonder if their light bulb might be burnt out. The reason behind all of this to me does not seem apparent and in a moral sense does not seem realistic. Happiness also is in harmony with the virtues that we possess. "By human virtue or excellence we mean not that of the body, but that of the soul, and by happiness we mean activity of the soul" (Brannigan, 83). These virtues can be attained by practice and habit. Virtues also provide a positive and right attitude towards pains and pleasure in life. This means that there needs to be a mean of virtue, a middle point between the two extremes. In the aspect of universities a moral mean would be having a great education and extra amenities on campus that will provide fun and entertainment for their students. The changes that could occur within this practice may seem far-fetched because of the economy that we live in these days but is the only option I see that could make this practice morally right. The first thing that could change would be for presidents of universities salaries to decrease so that those funds could be put back into making the campus great for the students. This solution would solve a lot of the moral impairments including the honor, pleasure and money-making aspects of Aristotle's ethics. The second thing that needs to happen is to find a mean of virtue between providing a great education for students and providing them with fun services without necessarily raising tuition so much. All of these things that could change would provide a great learning environment for college students and maybe allow for lower income students the option of going to college. Providing that option for students I believe would cut down on a lot of uneducated adults, violence, and poverty. By simply making a few changes in our education system could drastically make a huge chain of events. There is nothing morally wrong in providing more students with an education that could lead them to a good life and to their ultimate happiness. Works Cited Brannigan, Michael C. "Ethics Across Cultures." McGraw-Hill, 2005. 79-90. ...
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