Midterm Study Guide - SOCI 254 DEVELOPMENT AND...

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SOCI 254: DEVELOPMENT AND UNDERDEVELOPMENT MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE Case Study: Earthquakes in Haiti vs. Chile Haiti Chile Jan 10, 2010 Feb 27, 2010 230,000 (fatalities) 486 Institutional collapse Rapid Mobilization 50% of inhabitants moved No migration Development Programs: (i) Military aid (ii) Political development and aid (iii) Conventional aid Imperialism, Colonialism, Neocolonialism – Sept 5 th Imperialism: The Triangular Trade: Industrial Imperialism: quest for resources o King Leopold & Congo (forced labor regimes) Colonialism: Link between colonial environment and today’s prosperity o Disease Environment European Settlement Colonization Strategy Quality of Institutions Physical and Human Capital Income Level Neocolonialism: “Continued European control over African former colonies” – Che Guevara Lenin: Capitalism Imperialism Nkrumah: Imperialism Neocolonialism
Applications: o IMF, World Bank, MNCs, Land acquisition, etc. Poverty and Inequality – Sept 10 th Measuring Development… 1. GDP and other economic measures 2. HDI ? GDP – not a measure of the standard of living; o Limitations: Wealth distribution, Nonmarket transactions, Underground economy, Sustainability o Distribution of world GDP – highest in the richest fifth, vice versa Diseases of Poverty Mortality and wealth: GNP rises, Mortality falls ? Examples : cholera (Latin America), diarrhea, ? Causes : crowded living, unprotected water, unsanitary waste disposal, transfer of virus between cities, slum conditions, mobile populations, o Geographical : low altitude, downward flow of water, floods o Biological : higher temperatures, higher nutrients, living stuff around the area o Social : dense settlements, culinary preferences, economic status ? Contributing Factors: education of mothers, household economic status ? Public Infrastructure Cholera morbidity (how dangerous it is to the population) ? Health Services Cholera mortality (how many die) Urban Bias o Urban bias in economic policies and resource distribution rural poverty malnutrition cholera o Ex. Taxation and subsidies, infrastructure investments, o Impacts cholera incidence and case fatality rates Policy Solutions
? Attack root causes; national health measures; efficiency & equity & sustainability; decentralization Theories of Development – Sept 17th Cyril Black’s Theory of Development: the five dimensions 1. Intellectual: Science applied 2. Political: Centralization, Democracy 3. Economic: Specialization, capitalism 4. Social: Urbanization, public health, cultural progress 5. Psychological: Individualism, mobility aspiration vs. Rostow’s Theory of Modernization Stage 1 : Isolated traditional society/ Traditional society Stage 2 : Challenge of modernity/ Preconditions to takeoff Stage 3 : Consolidation of modernizing leadership/ Takeoff Stage 4 : Economic and Social transformation/ Drive to Maturity Stage 5 : Integration of society/ Age of high mass consumption Rostow’s “World Systems Theory” ?

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