Jim Crow hist 102 - Jim Crow was a scornful slang word for...

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Jim Crow was a scornful slang word for a black man. Jim Crow was a five part system made up of laws that required racial segregation mostly in the South from the end of the Reconstruction in 1877 to the beginning of the civil rights movement in the 1950s (Urofsky). These “laws” were made to oppress African Americans and support white supremacy. What makes things worse is that all this was allowed after the 14thAmendment passed which makes African Americans citizens and also gives them equal protection under the law ("A Brief History of Jim Crow."). Even though, there was segregation all over the country, Jim Crow laws and etiquette only existed in the South. After 1877, with the election of Republican Rutherford B. Hayes, southern and border states began limiting the liberties of African Americans. Unfortunately, the Plessy vs. Ferguson case in 1896 did not help much since the Supreme Court coined the phrase “equal but separate” to say that segregation is not unconstitutional. Therefore, validating Jim Crow laws and the Jim

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