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Final revision group 9.docx - 1 Chapter I INTRODUCTION...

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1Chapter IINTRODUCTIONContext and RationaleConflict threatens peer relationships and the resources they provide. Early in life,young children recognize and are able to articulate the potentially disruptiveconsequences that conflict poses to friendships. Children and adolescents seek to avoidconflict with their friends (and, later, with their romantic partners). When disagreementsarise, they often strive to resolve them in a mutually satisfactory manner. It is not somuch that peer relationships dissolve in response to a single conflict episode; fewfriendships end with a big blowup. Instead, chronic conflict appears to have a debilitativeeffect on the perceived quality of the relationship. Friendships and romantic relationshipsare predicated on mutually beneficial social exchanges, and it is when exchanges cease tobe favorable that relationship bonds deteriorate. Thus, conflict alters the overall climateof peer relationships.All students are encountering conflicts with peers in school. They must know howto face and find solution to the conflicts that they encountered with peers. Conflict occursin every school. If handled effectively, conflict can create a good learningexperience.Conflict in school is said to occur when one party perceives the action ofanother party as encumbering the opportunity for the attainment of a goal.The concept ofconflict with peers in schools is perhaps an admission of the reality that confkict inschools is inevitable, but that not all conflicts can be always be resolved; therefore, what
2the teacher can do is to manage and regulate them, thus the teacher’s role as an in loco-parents.Many adolescents today are caught up in situations of teen conflict that theycannot manage- jealousy,name calling, teasing,gossip,stealing another’s property,datingand frienship issues, and bullying and outright aggression.Schools are frequently thecenter of many of these tensions.As we conducted preliminary investigation in AllenNational High School we have known that the conflicts of the senior high school studentswith peers are misunderstanding,envy,intelligence quotient &compentence.Peer conflict refers to mutual disagreement or hostility between peers or peergroups. It ischaracterized as conflict between people of equal or similar power (friends);it occurs. occasionally; it is unplanned; and it does not involve violence or result inserious harm.Conflicts are a part of life which begin earlychildhood and continuethroughout thelife span (Shantz &Hartup, 1992). The ability to manage conflict effectively is viewed asnecessary to the development of social competence. Conflict management skills arelinked with several positive aptitudes including enhanced perspective taking and socialunderstanding (see Dunn &Slomkowski, 1992, for review), successful peer group entry(see\Putallz&Sheppard,1992,forreview),andtheformationandmaintenanceoff-riendships(Gottman,1983). As friendships develop, conflicts provide a means throughwhich children and adolescents work out the terms of the relationship as well as gain abetter understanding of friendship roles (Rizzo, 1992). Conflicts can also contribute todevelopmental problems. Consistent use of inappropriate resolution strategies can lead toTeaching youth how toresolve conflict in a peaceful way can help reduce incidents of

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