Study Guide Exam I - History 152 Exam I-Study Guide 1....

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History 152 Exam I—Study Guide1.Identifications and Multiple Choice:Be sure to List the time and place, who/what is it, and what is the significance of this person/event.Most significant detail about person ItalicizedListed in Order of chapter-Louis XIV (the sun king):Time and PlaceFrance, Seventeenth CenturyWho/Whatregarded as most powerful king of seventeenth century; builtVersailles, served as patron for the arts SignificanceProjected image of incomparable majesty and authority; greatest achievement was solve persistent problem of aristocratic independence and rebellion by securing the complete loyalty and dependenceofoldnobility; introduced order and uniformity into every aspect of his own life and country; held absolute government-Thomas Hobbes:Time and PlaceFrance, 1651Who/WhatEnglish Philosopher; Wrote the Leviathan—study of political philosophy but as a solution to the problems that plagued the West in mid seventeenth centurySignificanceSupported absolute monarchy–the best way to achieve peace and security was for people to submit themselves to authority of single ruler.-John Locke:Time and PlaceEngland, 1600sWho/WhatWrote Two Treatises of Government(1690)-revolutionary political manifesto; radical WhigSignificanceProtest against absolute policies of Charles II; argued men left the statue of nature and agreed to form political society in order to protect property and prevent chaos that characterized state of war; gave people permission to take up arms against an oppressive regime; pressed into service of various revolutionary/radical causes (declaration of independence by USA)-Nicolaus Copernicus:Time and Placepolish cleric from 1473-1543Who/Whatwas the first to challenge old astronomy; published revolution of heavenly spheres(1543 yr. he died); theory was not widely excepted because not understandable.

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