Foreword— Anneli AlbaPreface— Jane L. Parpart, M. Patricia Connelly, and V. Eudine BaAcknowledgmentsChapter 1 Why Theory?— Barbara Bailey, Elsa Leo-Rhynie, and Jeanette MorrisChapter 2 Why Gender? Why Development?— Rhoda ReddockChapter 3 Feminism and Development: Theoretical Pers— M. Patricia Connelly, Tania Murray Li, Martha MacDonaChapter 4 Feminist Theory and Development: Implicatio— V. Eudine BarriteauChapter 5 Alternative Approaches to Women and Develo— Maxine McCleanChapter 6 The Women's Movement and Its Role in Devel— Anne S. WalkerAppendix 1 Key ConceptsAppendix 2 Acronyms and AbbreviationsAppendix 3 Contributing Authors
FOREWORDThe development debate has advanced considerably since the United Nation's First Development Decade in the 1960s, which emphasized economic growth and the "trickle-down" approach as key to reducing poverty. One ofthe notable advancements in the debate has been the move to consider gender equality as a key element of development. Women's concerns were first integrated into the development agenda in the1970s. Disappointment over the trickle-down approach paved the way for the adoption of the basic-needs strategy, which focused on increasing the participation in and benefits of the development process for the poor, as well as recognizing women's needs and contributions to society. Activists articulated women's issues in national and international forums. Following these events, the women-in-development movement endorsed the enhancement of women's consciousness and abilities, with a view to enablingwomen to examine their situations and to act to correct their disadvantaged positions. The movement also affirmed that giving women greateraccess to resources would contribute to an equitable and efficient development process.The end of the 1970s ushered in the concern with gender relations in development. Microlevel studies drew our attention to the differences in entitlements, perceived capabilities, and social expectations of men and women, boys and girls.