Study Guide 1-POSC150

Study Guide 1-POSC150 - Study Guide 1 POSC150 1 Federalisma...

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Study Guide 1- POSC150 1. Federalism- a. Federal system: a system of government in which power and authority are divided between a central government and regional sub-units b. Dual federalism: the powers of the federal and state governments are strictly separate, with interaction often marked by tension rather than cooperation c. Cooperative federalism: the powers of the federal and state government are intertwined and shared. Each level of government shares overlapping power, authority, and responsibility d. Federalism in the civil war: the policy of slavery was intertwined with disputes about federalism because the slave states resisted any move by the federal government to outlaw slavery in new territories and states. e. Federalism and the New Deal: Many of the New Deal programs that Congress enacted collided with the Supreme Court justices’ conservative views on the limits of government authority, and the Court initially struck down several important laws that Roosevelt had sponsored. f. Federalism and the Great Society: g. Devolution: the transfer of jurisdiction and fiscal responsibility for particular programs from the fed gov’t to state and local gov’ts. Federal grants-in-aid increasing caused devolution. h. Democracy: (Hook) a political process in which the general direction of policy rests directly or indirectly upon the freely given consent of a majority; (Zinn) both the formal institutions that allow for gov’t of, by, and for the people, and the quality of life in a society i. Direct Democracy: neighborhoods; town hall meetings j. Representative Democracy: elections translate publics’ will k. Zinn’s Criteria: (1) participation in decisions (2) equal protection under the law (3) equal protection from the law (4) distribution of resources (5) access to resources (6) freedom of expression (7) freedom for individuality l. Competing Interests: how one situation can effect everyone m. Power Sharing i. Federal gov’t: treaties, war, interstate commerce ii. State and local gov’t: election, laws, most ordinances iii. Shared: social policy, economic policy 2. Constitutional Design- a. Power: determines the overall outcome of conflicts over governmental decisions; it charts the course of public policy b. Authority: the recognized right of a particular individual, group, or institution to make binding decisions c. Legitimacy: d. Monarchy: ruled by one e. Oligarchy: ruled by few f. Democracy: all citizens have a right to play a role in shaping the gov’t g. American Revolution: i. Causes- Financial and Ideological
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ii. Ideological: desire growing among Americans to create a system in which all citizens would have a say in the conduct of gov’t and in which basic freedoms of life and liberty would be protected
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Study Guide 1-POSC150 - Study Guide 1 POSC150 1 Federalisma...

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