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University of Maryland Global Campus(UMGC Summer 2021)Solving the Cyber Security Workforce CrisisNoubiengang, Afombi BorisCyber Security in Government OrganizationsCSIA 6380ProfessorMc Clintock, DorothyDue on 06/22/2021Introduction
On December 21 of 2017, Apple CEO Tim Cook at a conference said “ The number one reasonwe like to be in China is the people. China has extraordinary skills. Ant the part that’s the mostunknown is there’s almost two million application developers in China that write apps for theIOS App Store. These are some of the most innovative mobile apps in the world, and theentrepreneurs that run them are some of the most inspiring and entrepreneurial in the world.Those are sold not only here but exported around the world”. (Digital guardian December2017)This problem of lack of skilled laborers in technology and manufacturing is not limited toApple alone but extend to the cybersecurity industry.Cyber security or information securitycanbe defined as system of technologies, processes, and practices designed to protect networks,devices, programs and data from unauthorized access, intentional damage, or attacks. Cybersecurity isvery important in today’s society because medical , military, financial and corporateorganizations all collect store and process sensitive data. Some of the data they store and collectinclude birth certificates, social security numbers, military records, tax records etc. All thesesensitive data stored on public sites serveas an attraction to cyber criminals and hackers whoconstantly hack and exploit them, mainly due to a shortage in skilled cyber security professionalto keep them safe.This shortage in skilled workers in cyber security is a combination of severalfactors including political, economic, socio-cultural and technological.From a politicalviewpoint, current policies are not allocating enough money to states IT security forces. MitchHerckis National association of state chief information officers( NASCIO) reports that federalgrants to states typically cap administrative expenses to save money, and states cyber securityexpenses are considered administrative cost. ( Jenni Bergal May 2015).This mindset mustchange to improve funding for cyber security in various states as cyber security is not just anadministrative cost as stated.From an economic point of view competitive salaries tend to
attract cyber professional to the private sector leaving federal and state positions vacant anddifficult to fill. The length of time it takes for state and federal agencies to fill positions due tobureaucracy, background checks and security clearance requirements is also a hindrance.

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