Soc 1 Lecture Notes

Soc 1 Lecture Notes - Defining Sociology What is Sociology?...

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Defining Sociology What is Sociology? The study of social behavior occurring between 2 or more individuals or groups Focusing on how these relations affect our behaviors, attitudes, and experiences How they maintain and change our societies How is Sociology different from common sense? Sociology is more analytical/scientific In common sense there are no theories or methods, whereas sociology has systematic ways of studying things and creating perspectives How is different from…. Psychology? Sociology studies interactions of people and those interactions are what can influence a person’s mind, which is what psychology studies Journalism? Journalism can answer what happened, but sociology answers how, why, etc… Anthropology? Hardly different; Anthropology studies people from different place or times and is more about culture, lineage, tradition. Sociology is more about politics, economics, changes in society and the world How can Sociology be use to you and to society? Understanding how people relate to you and to each other How your own origins change those interactions Helps us to adapt when in different cultures Sociology: When 19 th Century- A time of revolution French Revolution: changes between those with power and those without through Europe —bringing democracy to Europe and America (1789)
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Industrial Revolution: society no longer makes food/clothes for themselves; migration to the cities; factories Scientific Revolution: the rise of the use of research to achieve knowledge; advances in medicine; establishing universities Europe and America changed from largely rural, agricultural places basing knowledge on spirituality, to urbanized, industrial places basing thought on scientific investigation Sociology: How? (Part I Perspective) The sociological imagination “neither the life of an individual nor the history of a society can be understood without understanding both” o Suggests that people look at their own personal problems as social issues, without recognizing more important problems Who is/isn’t a sociologist? Before 1920… o Theorists: Marx, Weber (“vey-ber”), Durkheim o Social reformers: Jane Addams, Ida Wells-Barnett, W.E.B DuBois After 1920… o To be more “scientific,” sociology came to deny the importance of the social reformers and they became labeled as “social workers” Terms Theory- a set of statements that seeks to explain how or why something happens as it does Theoretical Perspective- an overarching set of ideas that influence how we think about or study the social world Theoretical Perspectives Functionalism o Society is an organism and each part functions to maintain ts survival Conflict theory
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o Society is organized around over valued resources (Karl Marx considered to be the father of conflict theory) Interactionism o Meaning in our daily life emerges in our interactions with other individuals and
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This note was uploaded on 04/16/2008 for the course SOC 1 taught by Professor Mechlinski during the Winter '08 term at UCSB.

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Soc 1 Lecture Notes - Defining Sociology What is Sociology?...

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