Soc 1 Midterm Review

Soc 1 Midterm Review - Key Terms and Concepts Sociological...

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Unformatted text preview: Key Terms and Concepts Sociological Imagination: An awareness of the relationship between an individual and the wider society, both today and in the past- Trouble vs. Issue: seeing something as a personal trouble versus a full societal issue o If one person is unemployed, it is a personal problem, if thousands are unemployed, it is a societal problem- History and Biography- Individual and the social world Structure A combination of the schemas (rules/culture) that govern our lives, and the resources (human/material) that give power to those rules; the schemas and resources sustain each other over time Agency By having knowledge about different schemas and access to some resources people are empowered to act to change or control structure Theory A set of statements that seeks to explain how or why something happens as it does Theoretical Perspective: An overarching set of ideas that influence how we think about or study the social world- Functionalism A sociological approach that emphasizes the way that the parts of a society are structured to maintain its stability- Conflict Theory A sociological approach that assumes that social behavior is best understood in terms of conflict or tension between competing groups; organized around valued resources; Karl Marx = father- Interactionism A sociological approach that generalizes about everyday forms of social interaction; meaning in our daily life emerges from the symbols we use w/ others Symbol A gesture, object, or language that forms the basis of human communication Dependent vs. Independent variable Dependent variables are affected by independent variables; the dependent is vulnerable to change, while the independent, when altered, can change the other variable Quantitative Methods: The scientific approach; use of deductive reasoning- Deductive reasoning Starting from a particular view/ hypothesis/ theory, and then testing it to get to a conclusion; used to predict or explain causality- Hypothesis A speculative statement about the relationship between two or more variables; start with a hypothesis(/view/theory) when using deductive reasoning Qualitative: The interpretive approach; using inductive reasoning - Inductive reasoning Starting with observations (pre-determined theory) and going on to form your theory/conclusion; steps in the research process are less rigid and can repeat and cycle; to understand what goes on in peoples lives: feelings, experiences, beliefs.. Culture: The customs, knowledge, ideas, behaviors, and values we learn and the material objects we use in our societies Facts About Culture: 1. They influence each other despite some elements of autonomy 2. All cultures in the world have certain general practicescultural practices 3. They adopt new ideas or items over time through invitation, discovery, and invention 4. Cultures influence each other via diffusion, depending on power and wealth 5. Cultures around the world may be becoming more and more similar, which means they are...
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/16/2008 for the course SOC 1 taught by Professor Mechlinski during the Winter '08 term at UCSB.

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Soc 1 Midterm Review - Key Terms and Concepts Sociological...

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