Lecture 1 - Background of the Gospels Persian, Greek, and Roman Periods

Lecture 1 - Background of the Gospels Persian, Greek, and Roman Periods

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Unformatted text preview: • Introduction – Old Testament Dates o 2000 B.C. – Abraham o 1000 B.C. – David o 922 B.C. – Death of Solomon; the division of the Kingdom – Israel and Judah o 722 B.C. – Fall of Israel under Assyria o 586 B.C. – Fall of Judah under the Babylonians; period of the Exile; beginning of Judaism o 515 B.C. – Second Temple Completed o 168 B.C. – Maccabean Revolt • Background of the Gospels: Persian, Greek, and Roman Periods o Persian Period (539-333 B.C.) Cyrus the Great • Conquered Babylonian Empire • 538 – Jews can return home Return of the Jews • Zerubbabel o Leads first Jews back home in 536 B.C. o Rebuilding temple • Ezra o 458 B.C. – leads a wave of Jews home, renews Covenant • Nehemiah o 444 B.C. – rebuilding the walls Life back home • Samaritans o Half-Jew, half-Assyrians • Civil Leadership o King and High Priest previously separate o High Priest became political • Importance of the Law o Torah – First 5 books 613 commandments...
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This note was uploaded on 04/16/2008 for the course BI 103 taught by Professor Green during the Fall '07 term at Gordon MA.

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Lecture 1 - Background of the Gospels Persian, Greek, and Roman Periods

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