1400Pictures&Notes - Chan Chan Peru, Incan city, 1250 CE...

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Chan Chan Peru, Incan city, 1250 CE The largest Pre-Columbian city in South America, Chan Chan is an archaeological site located in the Peruvian region of La Libertad The city is composed of ten walled citadels which housed ceremonial rooms, burial chambers, temples, reservoirs and some residences. Each of these citadels has a rectangular configuration with a north-facing entrance, high walls, and a labyrinth of passages. The walls themselves were constructed of adobe brick, and were then covered with a smooth surface into which intricate designs were carved. There are two styles of design present in these carvings: one is a ‘realistic’ representation of subjects such as birds, fish, and small mammals; and the other is a more graphic, stylized representation of the same subjects.
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Forbiden City Beijing, China, 1420 Chinese imperial palace during the mid-Ming and the Qing Dynasties. The Forbidden City is located in the middle of Beijing, China. It is now known as the Palace Museum. The Forbidden City has 800 buildings with 9,999 rooms. world's largest palace complex and covers 720,000 square meters (178 acres, or 0.28 square miles). It is surrounded by a six meter deep moat and a ten meter high wall. The Forbidden City includes five halls, seventeen palaces, and numerous other buildings. the Forbidden City is divided into two parts. The Outer Court, which includes the southern and central sections, centers on three halls which were used for ceremonial purposes, such as coronations, investitures, and imperial weddings. The three halls include the magnificent Hall of ), itself fronted by the Gate of Supreme Harmony (h& ). Apart from ceremony, the Outer Court also houses the Imperial Library, archives, and lantern storage. The Inner Court includes the northern, eastern, and western parts of the Forbidden City, and centres on another three halls which were used for the day-to-day affairs of state. The ). The Inner Court was where the Emperor worked and lived with his family, eunuchs and maid-servants. Buildings in the Forbidden City are arranged along three north-south axes.
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The central axis houses the most important buildings. It runs from Meridian Gate in the south, to the Gate of Divine Might in the north. The wall around the Forbidden City has a gate on each side The royal color was yellow, and that color dominates the rooftops. On each corner of the roofs, there are small statuettes, the number of which designated the power of the person living within the building. The number 9 was reserved for the emperor. Only one building has 10 statues at each corner Kinkakuji Golden Pavilion Kyoto, Japan, 1397 CE Kyoto, Japan The Golden Pavilion (formally called 'Shariden') was originally built in 1397 to serve as a retirement villa for Shogun Ashikaga Yoshimitsu. It was his son who converted the building into a Zen temple of the Rinzai school. The temple was burned down several times during the Ōnin War.
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course ARCH 2351 taught by Professor Sabatino during the Spring '08 term at University of Houston.

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1400Pictures&Notes - Chan Chan Peru, Incan city, 1250 CE...

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