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GEC 1 Midterm Coverage.docx - Midterm Period Objectives 1....

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Midterm PeriodObjectives1.Examine the different influences, factors, determinants and forces that contribute to the development ofthe self2.Analyze the development of one’s self and identity by creating a theory of (the)self3.Define and describe concepts and theories in Psychology that contribute to the development of the self4.Explain how these theories and concepts influence the self and behaviour5.Apply these concepts and theories in your personal life experiences to better understand yourself1.The Psychological Perspective of the SelfThis chapter outlines the Psychological Theories that examine the determinants to the self and how theyrelate to one another.The Human Personality or Self in PsychologyPersonality is a term that is loosely defined because it can represent many things to many minds. Someassociate personality with the traits that make us all the same while others associate it with what makes usunique or individual.The Common Misconceptions of Personality1.It is equated with our external appearances2.It is our most obvious traitTheories of PersonalityTheories that explain the Development of the Self or Human PersonalityThe Concept of Self: The Me-Self and I-Self by William James-James suggests that the human personality or selfis divided into the Me-Self and I-Self-The I-Self is also called the thinking self or the pure ego and is the person’s mind or soul-The Me-Self refers to the person’s personal experiences and is called the empirical self. It iscategorized into the material, social and spiritual selves.The 3 Categories of the Me-Selfa.The Material Self-Pertains to the individual’s physical attributes and material possessions that contribute to his self-imageb.The Social Self-Refers to who a person is and how he acts in social situations-The social self might differ as there are a variety of social situations (ex: at home, school, mosqueor church, online, etc.)c.The Spiritual Self-It is the most important and intimate part of the self that requires introspection-This includes a person’s purpose, core values, conscience and moral behaviorSelf-Theory: The Real and Ideal Self by Carl RogersCarl Rogers defines self-concept as the image one has of oneself and explains that the self as a flexible andchanging perception of personal identity.
Severe anxiety arises or occurs as a result of being denied of needs and opportunities for self-fulfillment orself-actualization.Two Factors that lead to the Development of the Self1.Interactions with significant people2.An awareness of one’s own characteristics and level of functioningThe True Self and False Self by WinnicottThe self is composed of the true and false self. The false self exists to hide and protect the true self.

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Term
Fall
Professor
Ms.Warda
Tags
Personality Psychology, Kohlberg s stages of moral development, Psychosexual development, Phallic stage, The Unconscious,

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