Cultural anthro studyguide2

Cultural anthro studyguide2 - Marriage Systems Forms of...

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Marriage Systems Forms of Marriage Monogamy : A union between two people that is practiced in most societies. It is the most common type of marriage today even in societies that allow plural marriage Serial Monogamy : A person can only be married to one person at a time, but May have two or more marriages in their lifetime. Polygamy : A marital unit that consists of three or more people Polygyny : marriage between a man and two or more women Sororal polygyny : Marriage between a man and two women who are sisters Polyandry : marriage between a woman and two or more men Group Marriage : is a form of polygamy in which more than one man and more than one woman form a family unit, with all the members of the group marriage being considered to be married to all the other members of the group marriage, and all members of the marriage share parental responsibility for any children arising from the marriage. Cousin Marriages and Other Traditions Cousin Marriage Cross Cousin Marriage : a child of one’s mother’s brother, or one’s father’s sister Matrilateral : from the mothers side Patrilateral : from the fathers side Parallel Cousin Marriages : Other Traditions Bridewealth : Practiced in patrilineal societies, gifts are given from the Husband’s group to the wife’s group. Brideservice : men are obligated to perform services (such as labor on the family farm, or domestic tasks such as fetch wood and water) for the wife’s parents. Levirate : If a husband dies, his brother will marry the surviving widow Soroate : if a wife dies, her sister will marry the widower Residence Patterns Virilocality: Living with the husbands family after marriage Uxorilocality: Living with the wife’s family after marriage Bilocality: the couple alternates living with both families after marriage Neolocality: the couple establishes their own home away from either family Avuncolocality : the couple lives with or near the husband’s mother’s brother
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Language and Culture The Nature of Language Language Structure Grammar : rules of word order and sentence construction, generally though to be an innate capacity of human thought Syntax : the rules that generate the combination of words to form phrases and sentences Semantics : study of systems of meanings in language Phonetics : study of the articulation and production of human speech sounds Phonemes : a minimal unit of sound that differentiates meaning in a particular language.(ex: the sound that distinguishes between “bit” and “pit”) Morphemes : A unit of sound and meaning, either a separate word or a meaningful part of a word.(ex: the –s at the end of a word to make it plural) Language on Structures Isolating Languages: languages where the majority of
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course ANTH 1013 taught by Professor Nolan during the Spring '08 term at Arkansas.

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Cultural anthro studyguide2 - Marriage Systems Forms of...

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