96%(73)70 out of 73 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 4 pages.
Zelesi ChafilwaStudent Number: AC1204965HS150.2.1 World Civilizations IAssignment 5_05 August 28, 2012Q. What major changes in political structures, social and economic life, occurred during each of the following?The Sui dynastyThe Tang dynasty The Song dynasty(Refer to pages 277-280 of your textbook and additional references.)A. INTRODUCTIONChina, one of the countries that can boast of an ancient civilization, has a long and mysterioushistory - almost 5,000 years of it! Like most other great civilizations of the world, China cantrace her culture back to a blend of small original tribes which have expanded till they becamethe great country we have today.It is recorded that Yuanmou man is the oldest hominoid in China and the oldest dynasty is XiaDynasty. From the long history of China, there emerge many eminent people that havecontributed a lot to the development of the whole country and to the enrichment of her history.Among them, there are emperors like Li Shimin (emperor Taizong of the Tang), philosopherslike Confucius, great patriotic poets like Qu Yuan and so on.SUI DYNASTYStarted from 581 and ended in 618, the Sui Dynasty lasted for only 38 years and had only threeemperors. With a tyrannical second emperor - Emperor Yang, the Sui Dynasty was often
compared to the Qin Dynasty (221 BC - 206 BC). However, the whole nation was reunified andcertain economic and political advances were achieved in the period.In Northern Zhou (557 - 581), Yang Jian, who was born to the noble class and was theChengxiang (Prime Minister) of the last emperor, monopolized the political and military powerand suppressed the separatist forces as well as some other royal forces. In 581, Yang Jianreplaced Northern Zhou with Sui and proclaimed himself Emperor Wen. Thus the Sui Dynastywas founded, with Chang'an (currently Xian) the capital and Luoyang the auxiliary capital. In