ipcnotes - LECTURE # 1 Israeli-Palestinian conflict is the...

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Unformatted text preview: LECTURE # 1 Israeli-Palestinian conflict is the most expensive conflict for the U.N. in the world Dry, hot land Israel is surrounded by Lebanon, Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Greece Size of Maryland o North = Mount Harmon o South = Eilat From N to S 5 hours From E to W 30 min w/o occupied territories 1 hours with them holiest city = JERUSALEM o Yerushalayim = Hebrew o Al-Quds = Arabic o Built on mountain in Judea o Holy city for 3 reasons: JUDAISM Western Wall ISLAM Al-Aksa Mosque = 3 rd holiest mosque CHRISTIANITY where Jesus walked 2 Types of Arabic: Spoken & Written Arabic is an ethnicity, not a religion 4 Regions: Judea & Samaria o Quite burnt o Home of the Jewish people, but now home of Palestinians Now called the West Bank Nablus/Shechem = biggest city Negev = desert o From Beer Sheva South Home to Jews and Bedoins Bedoins = nomadic Arab tribe Coastal Plain o Gaza = home of Phoenecians o Haifa = Port o Tel Aviv = City Galilee o Greenest area Inhabited by Jews & Muslims Used to be inhabited by Pagans At one point Israel was 2 separate kingdoms: Judea Israel o There was a Babylonian exile and the Israel Kingdom disappeared 10 Lost Tribes Jewish era ended when Romans exiled them & destroyed the Temple Renamed Judea PALESTINE (yr 135) b/c of 2 Jewish revolts After this, many people came: Mongols, Turks, Crusaders, etc (1516) Turks came in until 20 th century o (1917) end of WWII o at one point they were a very powerful empire but in 19 th century they got weaker were called The Sick Man of Bosphorus The Conflict started when Ottomans ruled the country Israeli men are Zionist and macho In Diaspora, Jews went to Spain, but Inquisition happened and then Jews went to Eastern Europe Now 6 million Jews in the U.S. Now 6 million Jews in Israel Palestine had 300,000 people in the 19 th century o 7,000-10,000 Jews o the rest were Muslims/Christians The Old Yishuv = where the Jews who lived there lived Very religious living in Jerusalem, Tiberius, Hebron, Tzfat Didnt workstudied in Yeshivahreceived $ from rich European Jews Not citizenswere residents 70% of Arabs lived in villages on top of the hills for protection it wasnt a united nationclans and villages fought against each other Hamula = clan Areas were also raided by the Bedoins Were poor & miserable under the Turks Arabic Culture Fallah(een) = Farmers...
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ipcnotes - LECTURE # 1 Israeli-Palestinian conflict is the...

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