HI361 Final Study Guide Identifications

HI361 Final Study Guide Identifications - HI361 Final Study...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
HI361 Final Study Guide Identifications Fort Sumter: Fort Sumter , a Third System masonry coastal fortification located in Charleston harbor, South Carolina , was named after General Thomas Sumter . However, the fort is best known as the site where the shots initiating the American Civil War were fired, at the Battle of Fort Sumter . On December 26 , 1860 , five days after South Carolina declared its secession , U.S. Army Major Robert Anderson abandoned the indefensible Fort Moultrie and secretly relocated his two companies (127 men, 13 of them musicians) of the 1st U.S. Artillery to Fort Sumter. On April 12 , 1861 , at 4:30 a.m., Confederate batteries opened fire, firing for 34 straight hours, on the fort. Edmund Ruffin , noted Virginian agronomist and secessionist, claimed that he fired the first shot on Fort Sumter. His story has been widely believed, but Lieutenant Henry S. Farley, commanding a battery of two mortars on James Island fired the first shot at 4:30 A.M. ( Detzer 2001 , pp. 269-271) . The garrison returned fire, but it was ineffective, in part, because Major Anderson, did not use the guns mounted on the highest tier, the barbette tier, where the gun detachments would be more exposed to Confederate fire. On April 13 , the fort surrendered and was evacuated. First Bull Run: The First Battle of Bull Run , also known as the First Battle of Manassas (the name used by Confederate forces and still widely used in the South ), was the first major land battle of the American Civil War , fought on July 21 , 1861 , near Manassas, Virginia . Unseasoned Union Army troops under Brig. Gen. Irvin McDowell advanced across Bull Run against the equally unseasoned Confederate Army under Brig. Gens. Joseph E. Johnston and P.G.T. Beauregard , and despite the Union's early successes, they were routed and forced to retreat back to Washington, D.C. Union casualties were 460 killed, 1,124 wounded, and 1,312 missing or captured; Confederate casualties were 387 killed, 1,582 wounded, and 13 missing. Union forces and civilians alike feared that Confederate forces would advance on Washington, D.C., with very little standing in their way. On July 24 , Prof. Lowe ascended in Enterprise to observe the Confederates moving in and about Manassas Junction and Fairfax and ascertained that there was no evidence of massing Rebel forces, but he was forced to land in enemy territory. It was overnight before he was rescued and could report to headquarters. He reported that his observations "restored confidence" to the Union commanders. Trent Affair: The Trent Affair , also known as the Mason and Slidell Affair , was an international diplomatic incident that occurred during the American Civil War . On November 8, 1861 the USS San Jacinto , commanded by Captain Charles Wilkes , intercepted the British mail packet Trent and removed two Confederate diplomats, James Mason and John Slidell . The envoys were bound for Great Britain and France in order to press the Confederacy’s case for diplomatic recognition by Europe. The initial reaction in
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course HI 361 and 23 taught by Professor Silberandzatlin during the Spring '08 term at BU.

Page1 / 7

HI361 Final Study Guide Identifications - HI361 Final Study...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online