Political Science 314 Midterm Review Sheet

Political Science 314 Midterm Review Sheet - Political...

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Political Science 314- 1. Re-Alignment What causes re-alignment specific crises, social and economic changes, changes in population distribution, racial conflict, or technological improvements? (These all create new demands in society) NEW DEAL? When these parties do not respond to these issues, re-alignment can possibly occur 1. There will be a permanent shift of party loyalty and identification 2. Issues tend to play an important role in re-alignment. “Issue polarization” may develop within and between parties. The citizen’s vote is often related to particular issues. 3. During realignment citizen interest in politics and voting participation will increase for groups most concerned about the issues. Regional re-alignment- after Goldwater’s conservative campaign in the South which followed the Passage of the 1964 civil Rights act. He reversed the Republican’s party’s pro-civil rights stance and the conservative civil rights party ideologies that followed cause the South to shift. This was not a national re-alignment only the South had a major party identification shift. So this is a regional re-alignment. We have not seen a major re-alignment of a national character NATIONAL EXAMPLE? De-alignment - party identification of an individual or set of individuals disappears and are not replaced with a new party identification. Why is this important? Parties are important links between representation of citizens and policies. They can also make elections more issue or candidate centered elections. EX? 2. Native Son Theory- CH. 2? The South began to desert the Democratic Party after Goldwater announced his support for racial conservatism and states rights. The south has been predominately Republican since this period. Since this time there have been four wins for the Democratic party – Lindon B. Johnson 1964 Carter 1979 Clinton 1992 and 1960 Gore won the popular vote
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The native son theory of Bill Clinton believes he won because it encompasses the idea that a democratic candidate can win the south if he: a. develops a local support base (localism) b. has mannerisms like southern people (to appeal to African Americans on a personal level “Bubba”) c. maintains racially and socially conservative ideologies (to appeal to working class whites) 4. Aggregative (or “catchall”) party system- This is a party system where few or no groups have exclusive attachments to a party. The parties make extensive efforts to get votes from different groups. The voters are very unreliable in their support and there is lots of intra-party conflict and factionalism. Clinetlistic Party System- strong ties of social groups to the parties. The parties can make more limited efforts to get votes from the electorate. There is usually stronger support for parties by certain social groups over time and less intra-party factionalism based on social group ties. Clientielistic parties usually represent a specific group or more narrow interests than aggregative party systems. (There are examples of strong ties of social
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course POLISCI 314 taught by Professor Haneswalton during the Winter '07 term at University of Michigan.

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Political Science 314 Midterm Review Sheet - Political...

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