Peloponnesian War - → “Sicilian Expedition” →...

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Study Guide: Peloponnesian War- Ancient Greece → Athens → Positive → Rich and powerful → Big navy → Fortification walls around the city and harbors → Trade routes → Negative → Most allies weren’t allies → Sparta → Positive → Best army in Greece → Peloponnesian League (loyal allies) → Negative → No money → No ships → Causes → Growth of Athenian power and the fear that cause in Sparta → 431-421 BC → Summer → Spartans and allies would march to Athens and sit outside the fortification walls to wait for army to come out → Stayed only a couple of weeks → 429 BC → Plague hit Athens and 1/3 of population died → Athenians begin to attack some outposts of Spartan allies → 421 BC → Peace treaty signed → Interim → Athens added Melos by force
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Unformatted text preview: → “Sicilian Expedition” → 416-413 BC → Entire Athenian force destroyed → 413-404 BC → Sparta declared war again → Athens allies revolt → Persia enters picture, provides Sparta with money for a navy → 411 BC → Brief overthrow of Athenian full democracy → 406 BC → Last Athenian victory → Lost 10 victorious generals → 405 BC → Entire Athenian navy destroyed by Sparta → 404 BC → Athenians starved into surrender → Results → Athens lost empire, navy, walls → New form of government put in place by Sparta → 30 Tyrants- lasted 1 year → Went back to moderate democracy → Ionia handed over to Persia → Athenian empire went under Spartan rule...
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