Study guide 2 (final)

Study guide 2 (final) - Anglo- Saxons: Group of peoples who...

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Anglo- Saxons: Group of peoples who came to “take over” Britain; Saxons were hired as mercenaries to rid of enemies, ended up taking over island Monasticism: Renouncing worldly goods and devoting oneself to a wholly spiritual life; 2 types- Asceticism (forgoing of one’s body’s needs- eating sleeping, etc.) Anchorite/ hermit (replaced by cenobites- monks that live in communities) Augustine: Rome 596-7, came to Kent not allowed to come on land (magic), let my people choose you sound sincere, Canterbury Weregild: Man-price, used to forestall feuding, signifies value of original victim Cnut: (r. 1014-1035) Viking king of England, Cnut the Great, married Emma (Ethelred’s widow), divided England into 4 kingdoms, brought peace and prosperity to England, son of King of Denmark, 1013 Danish Conquest, succession crisis, pulls England back into broader Scandinavian empire The Norman Conquest: 1066 William “the Conqueror”, William proclaimed he was the rightful heir (not Harold Godwineson), October 14, 1066 Battle of Hastings- Harold and brothers die in battle, William assumes the crown later that year. Domesday Survey: By William “the Conqueror”, make sure everyone swore fealty to William (1085), to find out who owned what Feudalism: Way of organizing power: Knighthood, vassalage, Arrangement of power based on military service, brought with Norman conquest Knighthood: Key to feudalism (mounted cavalry); needed horse, training and rich family Henry II : Cartae Baronum- survey of knights, demolished un-“licensed” castles that had been built, Assize of Arms (militarizing free population of England), Circuit courts (General Eyre-royally appointed), Assize of Clarendon (sheriff was royally appointed and loyal to the king), Common Law: A law that was common throughout the English empire, ended local control, extension of Royal justice into feudal England, single body of rule (opposed to Canon Law or Civil Law) The Angevin Empire: During the reign of the Plantagenet kings, lost to France, Anjou, Henry II’s Father, territorial conglomerate: England, Normandy, Anjou, Acquatine, lordship of Ireland; vassals of King of France; dynastic, sows seeds of Hundred Years War
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Thomas Beckett: Started out as friend of King Henry II, was appointed Chancellor, appointed as Archbishop of Canterbury, King and Beckett started bucking heads, he was exiled and killed by 4 of the kings knights Chivalry: Related to knighthood, associated with knightly virtues, honor and courtly love Holy Grail: Supposed to be either the cup that Jesus drank out of at the last supper or the one that held his blood, Holy Grail in Perceval- bowl in which communion wafer, significance ties into Christianity Primogeniture: The establishment of the oldest son as the one to inherit Patrimony: Property or other legal entitlements inherited from or through the father; the sum total of one’s possessions. Interdict: A mass excommunication- places the entire country under
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course HISTORY 221 taught by Professor Sirota during the Fall '07 term at N.C. State.

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Study guide 2 (final) - Anglo- Saxons: Group of peoples who...

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