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RepublicStudyGuideVIII

RepublicStudyGuideVIII - 4 What characterizes an oligarchy...

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The Republic Study Guide Book VIII Discussion Questions 1. At the beginning of Book VIII, Socrates summarizes the discussion of Books V, VI, & VII, and returns to the discussion at the end of Book IV, the point where their “detour” began. There he mentioned the four regimes, now described as the following: timocracy, oligarchy, democracy, and tyranny (or dictatorship). These forms of government, along with aristocracy, correspond to five different kinds of souls. How does the first of these, the timocracy, occur? (545d-547c) 2. What are the characteristics of a timocratic person? Which part of the soul is dominant? In what way is such a man flawed? 3. How does the second form of government, the oligarchy, come into being?
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Unformatted text preview: 4. What characterizes an oligarchy? What kind of person (and part of the soul) is dominant? What are some of the flaws of an oligarchy? 5. How does a democracy arise from an oligarchy? Has this proven to be true historically? 6. Socrates sees democracy as a government of the poor. Is this accurate? 7. He describes the democratic city as being full of freedom and as a place where different types may thrive. How does this freedom lead to the downfall of democracies? Or, in other words, why is too much freedom a bad thing? 8. Do we live in a democracy or an oligarchy? Why? 9. How does a tyranny arise from a democracy? Terms to Remember Timocracy Oligarchy Democracy Tyranny...
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