RepublicStudyGuideIX - 8 Socrates creates the image of a...

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The Republic Study Guide Book IX Discussion Questions 1. In this book Socrates sets out to show conclusively that the just man is going to live the best, happiest life and that the unjust man, exemplified by the tyrant, is going to live the worst life. Which kind of man or state produces a tyrant? (571a) 2. In his psychological study of the tyrant, Socrates claims that desires “hostile to law” appear in everyone, but do not dominate everyone. Why is the tyrant different? 3. In what kinds of behavior does the emerging tyrant indulge? 4. What kind of relationship does the tyrant have with his or her parents? 5. Why is a tyrant never free? (576a) In what way is a tyrant a slave? (577d-577e) What does this say about the nature of the soul? 6. Is Socrates convincing in demonstrating why the tyrant, or unjust person, leads a miserable life? (579e) 7. The soul, as we have already discovered, is divided into three parts. Each part enjoys a pleasure unique to itself. What are these pleasures, and which is the greatest pleasure?
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Unformatted text preview: 8. Socrates creates the image of a three-headed beast to represent the soul. What are the three heads, and what do they represent? 9. What is the relationship among the three beasts in the soul of the unjust man? What is the relationship of the three beasts in the soul of the just man? How is the latter superior? 10. At the conclusion of Book IX Glaucon, somewhat ruefully echoes the point made at 472e, that such a city only exists in speech. Socrates answers that one may establish the pattern of such a city within him or herself. He even goes so far as to say that “It doesn’t make any difference whether it is or will be somewhere.” (592b) Is this a satisfactory conclusion to the argument on justice and happiness in the book? Is Socrates saying the theoretical argument is only worthwhile if it may be applied practically? Or is he saying that in our practical lives we must strive to achieve the ideals derived from theoretical arguments? Term to Remember The three-headed beast...
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course CC 101 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at BU.

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