film study guide

film study guide - CH 2 FILM FORM Film Form the overall...

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CH 2- FILM FORM Film Form- the overall system of relations that we can perceive among the elements in the whole film Referential meaning- concrete, bare-bones plot summery Explicit meaning- fairly concrete in its meaning, but also gives the point of the film Implicit meaning- goes beyond what is explicitly stated in the film, dives deeper into what is meant by the travel of the story Symptomatic meaning- very abstract and general, gives more of a view of the film in relation to American society during that time period Ideology- set of values that get revealed through the meaning Formal expectations of a film- Motif- any significant repeated element in a film Parallelism- the film cues the spectator to compare two or more distinct elements by highlighting some similarity Motivation - applies to any element in the film that the viewer justifies on some grounds Film’s Unity “Oragnicism”- when all the relationships we perceive within a film are clear and economically interwoven Obvious CH 4- MISE-EN-SCENE Mise-en-scene- “putting into the scene” what appaears in the film frame, includes those aspects of film that overlap with the art theater: setting, lighting, costumes and the behavior of the figures Realism- placing the correct items or setting to match the characters or time period Expressionism- exaggerating the setting to match the film Attached shadows- when light fails to illuminate part of an object because of the object’s shape or surface features Cast Shadows- shadows projected onto the wall by the object because a body blocks out the light Lighting- Quality- relative intensity of the illumination- hard (clearly defined shadows) and soft lighting (diffused illumination) Direction- the path of light from its source or sources of the object lit Frontal Lighting- eliminates shadows Side lighting- sculpts the character’s features Backlighting- creates silhouettes Under lighting- comes from below, can create a flashlight or distort features, or create dramatic horror effects Top Lighting- comes from above, can create lines in someone’s face Source- where the light is coming from, in fictional films directors use extra lighting to create the lighting they want in that area Color- in film, two colors are used, white for sunlight, or soft yellow for interior shots, though other filters can be used Key Light- primary source of light, providing the dominant illumination and casting the strongest shadows
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Fill Light- less intense light, which fills in and softens the shadows created by the key
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film study guide - CH 2 FILM FORM Film Form the overall...

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