Feb 12 - Feb. 12 Voting Systems -All governments have...

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Feb. 12 Voting Systems -All governments have voters, including dictatorships. They pretend to be democratic. -How are elections set up? Is it alphabetically? -Problems -Electronic systems can be hacked and Viruses may be uploaded -Two Kinds of voting -Winner takes all: 1. Votes are cast in a single member district. These districts only have one member of the legislature elected. 2. The winner is determined by who receives the most votes. Majority or plurality -Proportional representation system (European Democracies) 1. P.R. voting systems elect people in multi-member districts. Instead of one member being elected in a small district, PR districts are usually much larger where multiple members are elected. 2. Multiple seats are distributed through the proportion of the vote. Why are they important? 1. a. In a winner take all, only the majority take office b. In a PR system, many different candidates can win 2. a. In a winner take all, A candidate can have a majority of the vote and have all the seats In single party majority systems, they tend to be much more cohesive. IN PR systems you can have conflicted legislative branches Political Institutions The Legislature: about 90% of the countries in the world have a legislature. -What is the role of the legislature?
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course POLY SCI 51 taught by Professor Bach during the Winter '08 term at UC Irvine.

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Feb 12 - Feb. 12 Voting Systems -All governments have...

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