Jan 17 - Jan 17 General Will vs. Particular Will -The key...

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Jan 17 General Will vs. Particular Will -The key idea in Rousseau’s state is that people are guided by the general will rather than the particular/private will -The general will is not the sum or private wills -It is closer to the enlightened Forcing men to be free (Book 1, Ch 7) <Rousseau -Each individual contracts with himself (as a whole of which he is a part) -As all are in one body, they cannot harm any member without harming the whole and themselves – so they will not -Since the sovereign is made up of the subjects it cannot have an interest contrary to theirs -But subjects could have different interests -A private will contrary to or dissimilar to the general will -That is, people can think selfishly and this can undo the whole enterprise -In the community, people are no longer isolated individuals with just their natural liberties but instead social individuals with civil liberties and all the benefits of society -I,8 – “This passage from the state of nature to the civil state produces quite a remarkable change in man, for its substitutes justice for instinct…And gives his actions a moral quality” -General will works for the common good (II, 1) as society wont exist otherwise -Sovereignty is the exercise of the general will and cannot be represented (e.g. by a king) or divided -(II, 3) The general will is always right… -But people wont always see this -Sometimes people don’t always see what is in their best interest
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course POLY SCI 51 taught by Professor Bach during the Winter '08 term at UC Irvine.

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Jan 17 - Jan 17 General Will vs. Particular Will -The key...

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