philo morality paper

philo morality paper - Mike Rosenbloom PHI 110 Dr. Moen...

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Mike Rosenbloom PHI 110 Dr. Moen 12-4-07 Ethical Theories of Kant and Mill Immanuel Kant and Stuart Mill have different views on ethics and moralities. Kantianism and Utilitarianism (Mill) are two theories that attempt to answer the moral nature of human beings. Each theory has a supreme principle of morality, and both theories are almost polar opposites of each other. Kant’s theory of morality, also know as Kantianism, is a system based on the belief that reason is the final authority for morality. Basically, it’s saying that when making quick decisions, we shouldn’t necessarily act on impulse, but instead act on the doing the right thing. The theory says the Kantian respect (a.k.a. respects for persons) is the fundamental moral principle of ethical philosophy. His supreme principle claims that the right action in any given situation is determined by the categorical imperative. The categorical imperative states that, “Act only according to that maxim whereby you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law”. That basically says that we should only act upon situations where we can see what the right thing is to do, and act upon that principle. Kant’s theory just tells us that we act according to reason, and we always need something to motivate us to act in certain situations and that motive should be what is right according to the Categorical Imperative. Mill’s theory of morality is called Utilitarianism. Utilitarianism is based on utility, or doing what produces the greatest happiness. It states that the actions of a person should
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be based upon the "greatest happiness principle." This principle states that ethical actions command the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest number of people. Mill's main point is that one should guide his or her judgments by what will give more pleasure. He
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philo morality paper - Mike Rosenbloom PHI 110 Dr. Moen...

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