American Pageant Ch. 4 - American Life in the Seventeenth Century

American Pageant Ch. 4 - American Life in the Seventeenth Century

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Ch. 4 - American Life in the Seventeenth Century The Unhealthy Chesapeake the early Chesapeake Bay settlers face harsh conditions: malaria took of cruel toll the population grew mostly from fresh immigration the population in these colonies grew very slowly The Tobacco Economy Chesapeake is exceptionally hospitable to tobacco cultivation profit hungry settlers often planted tobacco to sell before they planted corn to eat Enormous production of tobacco depressed the price solution planting more! More tobacco met more labor, African slaves is the only solution but it is very expensive the settlers sought another solution: indenture servants (England’s displaced farmers) both Virginia and Maryland employed to Head Right System to encourage imports of indenture servants Under this new system will ever paid the passage of a labor received the right to acquire 50 acres of land. Masters, not servants, plantation owners reaped the benefits of land ownership from the Head Right System 1700 : Chesapeake planters acquired some 100,000 indenture servants Frustrated Freemen and Bacon’s Rebellion the accumulation mass of footloose impoverished indenture servants was drifting this contently about the Chesapeake region 1670 : the Virginia assembly disfranchised most of the landless Virginia’s Gov. William Berkeley lamented how miserable that man is that governs a people where six parts of seven at least are poor, indebted, discontent, and armed 1676 : Nathaniel Bacon led about 1000 Virginians into a rebellion against the policies. Resented Berkeley’s friendly policies towards the Indians When Berkeley refused to retaliate for a series of savage Indian attacks , Bacon and his followers took matters into their own hands. They killed many Indians and forced Berkeley from Jamestown Chaos swept the colony as frustrated freemen and resentful freemen went on a rampage of plundering Berkeley crushed uprising with brutal cruelty, hanging more than 20 rebels the rebellion is suppressed but tensions remain the resentful servants is what pushed landlords to acquire slaves instead Colonial Slavery Middle Passage : the trans-Atlantic sea voyage brought slaves to the New World a majority of slaves from Africa were shipped to the West Indies
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  • Fall '15
  • Chesapeake, indenture servants

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