American Pageant Ch. 8 \u2013 America Secedes from the Empire - Ch 8 America Secedes from the Empire Congress Drafts George Washington The second

American Pageant Ch. 8 u2013 America Secedes from the...

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Ch. 8 – America Secedes from the Empire Congress Drafts George Washington The second Continental Congress met in Philadelphia and this time all thirteen colonies are represented o Conservation element is still strong o There is not real sentiment for independence o Hope the fighting would force to King to rethink his policies o Adopted measures to raise money and to create a army and navy o Selected George Washington as the commander of the military The selection of George Washington was also a political one as mistrust is already building around the large New England army Washington was an aristocrat and inherited great wealth he could not be accused of a fortune seeker Bunker Hill and Hessian Hirelings The American did not fully commit to the idea of independence at first but plunge for independence was taken later 1775: a tiny American force under Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold surprised and captured the British garrison, securing an invaluable store of gunpowder and artillery June 1775 the colonials seized a hill now known as Bunker Hill Continental Congress adopted the “Olive Branch Petition” profession American loyalty to the crown and King George III hired Germany soldiers to crush the rebellion in America These gun-for-hire were not loyal to the battle and many fled the battlefield to find new opportunity in America The Abortive Conquest of Canada By attacking Quebec the colonials believed they could deprive Britain a valuable base to assault the colonies A large scale attack ultimately proved trivial, the British in French Canadian leaders showed no welcome for the anti-Catholic invaders. Thomas Paine Preaches Common Sense Americans continue to deny intention for independence because loyalty to the empire was deeply ingrained 1776 Common Sense was published by Thomas Paine the basic idea is that a small island should not be able to control an entire continent. It defies common sense and nature
Paine and the Idea of “Republicanism” Payne wants to create a new kind of political society known as the Democratic Republic he argues that all government officials should derive their authority from the popular consent however some patriots favored a Republican rule by the natural aristocrats more conservative Republicans feared that the fervor for liberty what overwhelmed the stability of social order Jefferson’s “Explanation” of Independence Richard Henry Lee argue that the colonies ought to be free and independent states, after some debate this motion was adopted

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