American Pageant Ch. 9 – The Confederation and the Constitution

American Pageant Ch. 9 – The Confederation and the Constitution

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 6 pages.

Ch. 9 – The Confederation and the Constitution A Revolution of Sentiments American revolution was not a revolution in the sense of radical and total change. It is more like a rapid evolution The exodus of 80,000 loyalists robbed the state its conservative powers, weakening the aristocratic upper crust Equality was everywhere the watchword Most states reduced property holding requirements for voting The Anglican church is eliminated and became the Protestant Episcopal church The egalitarian sentiments challenged the institution of slaves A fight over the slavery issue would have destroyed the newly established union so the Founding Fathers did not bother Democracy depends on unselfish commitment Constitution Making in the States Continental Congress was called again in 1776 in order to draft a constitution The sovereignty of states according to republicanism would rest with the authority of people Massachusetts contributed one especially noteworthy innovation when it called a special convention to drafts its constitution and then submitted the final draft directly to the people to ratify o The Massachusetts constitution could only be change with another one of those constitution convention o United States later adopted this method Constitution is aimed to represent fundamental law, superior to ordinary legislation The constitution created a weak executive and judicial department because people distrusted despotic governors and arbitrary judges Economic Crosscurrents States seized control of former crown lands and divided them up into smaller farms which accelerated the economic progress A sharp stimulus was given to manufacturing with the prewar nonimportation agreements Economically, independence had drawbacks o Much of the coveted commerce of England was still reserved for the loyal parts of the empire o Fisheries were disrupted and bounties for ships’ stores had abruptly ended America could not freely trade with foreign nations Profits for some indecently are as high as 300 percent and the wealth gap is increasing Average citizen was probably worse off after the war than before
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

A Shaky Start Toward Union It is very difficult to set up a new government let alone a new type of government Disunity between the thirteen colonies was the major problem Hopeful signs o Colonies are alike in their government o Americans enjoyed a rich political inheritance o Blessed with political leaders of high order in men like George Washington, James Madison, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton Creating a Confederation Shortly before declaring independence the Congress appointed a committee to draft a written constitution for the new nation Articles of Confederation Chief discord was the western lands o Land-hungry states argue that they have to tax their citizens heavily in order to pay off debts while the land rich states could just sell their land holdings
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
  • Fall '15

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Get FREE access by uploading your study materials

Upload your study materials now and get free access to over 25 million documents.

Upload now for FREE access Or pay now for instant access
Christopher Reinemann
"Before using Course Hero my grade was at 78%. By the end of the semester my grade was at 90%. I could not have done it without all the class material I found."
— Christopher R., University of Rhode Island '15, Course Hero Intern

Ask a question for free

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern