fallacy - A doesn't exist Ex: 3 hours and six minutes or 3...

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Mike Rosenbloom PHI 110 TR 2:05-3:20 1. Slippery Slope -There are two different forms of this fallacy, casual and semantic -The casual form is: If A happens, then by a gradual series of small steps through B , C …, X , Y , eventually Z will happen, too. Z should not happen. Therefore, A should not happen, either. Ex: If today, I decide to steal a candy bar from a grocery store, then the next day I decide that wasn’t so bad so I take a magazine. Then the next day I decide to take some hair gel. It goes on and on until eventually I decide to rob a house and the day after, I decide to murder someone. -There are two versions of the semantic form: A differs from Z by a continuum of insignificant changes, and there is no non-arbitrary place at which a sharp line between the two can be drawn. Therefore, there is really no difference between A and Z . Or: A differs from Z by a continuum of insignificant changes with no non-arbitrary line between the two. Therefore,
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Unformatted text preview: A doesn't exist Ex: 3 hours and six minutes or 3 hours and eight minutes 2. Begging the Question-The definition of begging the question is: Any form of argument in which the conclusion occurs as one of the premises, or a chain of arguments in which the final conclusion is a premise of one of the earlier arguments in the chain. More generally, an argument begs the question when it assumes any controversial point not conceded by the other side. Ex: I really dont understand this so I cant think of a good example. 3. Appeal to Ignorance-The definition for the appeal to ignorance is: There is no evidence against p . Therefore, p . There is no evidence for p . Therefore, not-p. That is pretty much saying if you dont have evidence for something, it doesnt exist, and if you do, then it does exist. Ex: Did it rain a half hour ago? If the ground is wet, then yes. It the ground is dry, then no....
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course PHI 110 taught by Professor Skelley during the Fall '08 term at Hartford.

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