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Chapter 12

Chapter 12 - Chapter 12 Personality Theory Research and...

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Chapter 12: Personality: Theory, Research, and Assessment Defining Personality: Consistency and Distinctiveness Personality Traits o Dispositions and dimensions The Five-Factor Model o Extraversion o Neuroticism o Openness to experience o Agreeableness o Conscientiousness Psychodynamic Perspectives •Freud’s psychoanalytic theory –Structure of personality •Id - Pleasure principle •Ego - Reality principle •Superego - Morality –Levels of awareness •Conscious •Unconscious •Preconscious   Psychodynamic Perspectives   •Freud’s psychoanalytic theory –Conflict •Sex and Aggression •Anxiety •Defense Mechanisms   Freud on Development:  Psychosexual Stages   •Sexual = physical pleasure •Psychosexual stages –Oral, Anal, Phallic, Latency, Genital •Fixation = Excessive gratification or frustration •Overemphasis on psychosexual needs during fixated stage   Other Psychodynamic Theorists
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Chapter 12 - Chapter 12 Personality Theory Research and...

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