Midterm 2 - American Political Systems Midterm 2 Ch 7 9 10 11 12 p 396-401 Chapter 7 Interest Groups Interest Group private voluntary seeks to

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American Political Systems Midterm 2 Chapter 7 – Interest Groups Interest Group – private, voluntary, seeks to influence public policy to advance/protect their interest Pressure Group – interest group that brings pressure on government decision makers Lobby- Conveys interests of a group to government/ to lobby Faction – Madison coined term for parties that try to advance their own interests at expense of public good. Pluralist- believes that politics is best understood in terms of the interaction, conflict, and bargaining of groups. Advantages - o Elections don’t properly show what people want o Anyone can join and interest group o SoP and Checks and Balances leave gov open to entireties but still protected Flaws- o Representational inequalities – businesses have the most advantages o Resource inequalities o Access inequality Disturbance Theory- interests groups are created by changes in the economy, social stuff, or political environment that threaten the well being of a particular group of society. Free Rider – a person who gains the benefits of a interest group without ever joining and therefore not having to pay the dues. Public Interest Association – An interest group that advocates for a cause or idea. Ideological and Cause, non- profit sector, governmental entities.
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Private Interest Association – group that seeks to protect or advance the material interests of its members. Businesses, Professions, Labor Unions. Inside Game – lobbyists talking to government officials. Old boy politics – one on one persuasion with executive and congress. Amicus curiae-friend of the court, a brief trying to persuade a courts decision. Outside Game – mobilization of public opinion, voters, and contributors to pressure elected officials. Call senators, organize district, educate the public, involved in elections. Ear-Marking – setting aside money from the annual appropriations bill for pet projects. *example of pet project Grassroots – voters and public support. PAC – created by interest group whose purpose is to collect money and make contributions to candidates in federal elections. *how many people are usually in a PAC Soft Money – unregulated expenditures by political parties on general public education, voter registration, and voter mobilization: influential. Banned in 2002. Iron Triangle – alliance of common interest among an interest group, a congressional committee, and a bureaucratic agency. Hard Money – regulated campaign contributions to candidate and party committees as well as to political action committees. Summary: Interest groups both show what people want, but also they can go against public good. Important private interest groups are businesses, agriculture, labor, and professions.
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course PSCI 1101 taught by Professor Juenke,eri during the Fall '07 term at Colorado.

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Midterm 2 - American Political Systems Midterm 2 Ch 7 9 10 11 12 p 396-401 Chapter 7 Interest Groups Interest Group private voluntary seeks to

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