Auquinas study guide

Auquinas study guide - INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY AQUINAS-Stumpf Note that I've inserted some ideas in braces What was Aquinas trying to do with

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY AQUINAS--Stumpf Note that I’ve inserted some ideas in braces { } What was Aquinas trying to do with theology and classical thought?  What was  his view of Aristotle?   He was trying to meld theology and classical thought. His views were mostly  shared with Aristotle. What were the views of Aquinas’s teacher, Albert Magus? [169-71] He believed that the Christian thinker should master Christian as well as secular thinking in all of its forms. He more clearly defined the distinction between philosophy and theology, drawing a line between reason and faith. Aristotle was the greatest of the philosophers. What were characteristics of scholasticism? [169] It was an attempt to put together a coherent system of traditional thought rather than create new insights. A melding of theology and philosophy, it relied mainly on Plato and especially Aristotle. It used a dialectical method in which theology was always dominant over philosophy. Why did Aquinas’s contemporary, Bonaventura, reject Aristotle’s view about  universals? { Recall that Aristotle held that universals had no real existence  apart from the things in which they inhere.    The reason a chair is a chair is that  it has both the form and the matter in it.    Bonaventura preferred Plato’s view,  that universals have some real existence apart from individual things.} [172.    Bonaventura thought that if universals had no real existence, then God could  not know all things; He could not know the concrete and particular world. {In  other words, if God could not know the idea of “human,” He could not know  individual people.}    And if He did not know individual people, then He could  not control the universe.    The universe would be a product of chance or  mechanical processes--and there could be no providence.    God could not have  even created individual persons (or anything else) if He did not know the  general idea of human.]
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
What was Siger of Brabant’s view? [172.   There is only one eternal intellect,  and individuals who are born and die partake of this one intellect, which always  remains the same. ] PHILOSOPHY AND THEOLOGY In Aquinas’s view, what is the relationship between philosophy and theology?  [172f.   Philosophy and theology are complementary.    Philosophy works from  human reason, discovering causes and first principles {first principles are those  foundational ideas on which knowledge is based; they are known not because  they are supported by other ideas, but they are known in and of themselves.    They are obvious to us as soon as we understand them.} Through philosophical 
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This test prep was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course P 311 taught by Professor Morley during the Fall '07 term at Masters CA.

Page1 / 7

Auquinas study guide - INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY AQUINAS-Stumpf Note that I've inserted some ideas in braces What was Aquinas trying to do with

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online