PRAGMATISM Study Guide - PRAGMATISM, in Stumpf 3rd STUDY...

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PRAGMATISM, in Stumpf 3 rd STUDY GUIDE What was the unique concern of each of the three men who created  Pragmatism?  [Pierce {pronounced “Purse”} logic and science; James  psychology and religion; Dewey, ethics and social thought] Were these men contemporaries? Yes. What conviction united them? That there must be a close connection between thinking and doing. What two movements was Pragmatism designed to mediate between?    Explain.  [Empiricism, utilitarianism, and science, Darwin: the universe is a  mechanical or biological process, and man is an observer; the mind is not very  powerful, but tries to figure things out.    On the other hand, Descartes, Kant’s  critical idealism, Hegel’s absolute idealism, neo-Hegelians: the mind has great  power.] How did each side regard the other? The empirical side saw no objectivism in the idealistic view point. The idealists  said that empiricists ignored the true qualities of man, morality and religion. How did Pragmatism come to accept some of both competing movements? They could accept things from both areas that made the most sense, as long as  they are not contradictory. How did that position change how they viewed discussions about things like  God and freewill?
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They did not approach these things from a purely intellectual standpoint, but  began to ask how these theories would work out and what difference it would  make to accept one over another. What was the overall effect? [ They joined science with things like values,  morals, and religion.    They connected fact {what is, exemplified in such  pursuits as science  and epistemology} with value {what we regard as  important, which includes things like morals, faith, and beauty}. What role did William James have in Peirce’s life?
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course P 311 taught by Professor Morley during the Fall '07 term at The Mater's University.

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PRAGMATISM Study Guide - PRAGMATISM, in Stumpf 3rd STUDY...

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