Tarnas Study Guide

Tarnas Study Guide - INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY Study...

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INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY Study Guide, Tarnas, Section 1 Dr. Morley 1. What does Tarnas see as the Greeks' fundamental approach to reality? Did Plato begin this approach or was it present before Him? 2. What was Plato's view of the forms? Do they exist apart from the physical objects for which they are patterns? (p. 6) 3. In the view of Socrates, what would be the problem if there are not changeless constants that transcend us? (p. 7) 4. What was Plato's attitude toward the information given to us by the senses? 5. Can an object that we perceive be an expression of more than one form? 6. What is absolute monism and how was it exemplified by Parmenedes, Empedocles, Anaxagoras, and Democritus? 7. How was Pythagoras different from other Ionian philosophers? 8. What was the effect of using reason to find answers, and the notion that reality does not conform to common experience? (24) 9. What factors contributed to the rise of the skepticism of the Sophists? What views did they promote? (26-31) Do you see any parallels to the modern situation? 10. In what sense did Socrates restore important themes of the Homeric religion? (38) 11. According to Plato, what was the relation between our knowledge and the soul's preexistence? (41) 12. What did Plato mean by the analogy of the cave? 13. What did Heraclitus believe, especially about the logos? (45) 14. What was the problem of the planets? 15. For Aristotle, what was true reality? (56) What is more real, the universal or the particular thing? (57) 16. Where did Aristotle think Plato went wrong when he ascribed independent existence to qualities like whiteness and tallness? In other words, Plato thought there was a form for "tallness" which existed independently of concrete individual things that are tall, such as a tall building or a tall person. Aristotle thought that was misguided and that tallness was merely a quality of specific things that are tall; tallness has no independent existence. What error he think Plato made? (56) 17. On Aristotle's view, why do things change and what does it have to do with teleology? (58-59)
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18. How did Aristotle differ from Plato regarding information we get from the senses? (59) What terms and categories did Aristotle invent? (60) For Aristotle, what was the role of reason? How did it differ from Plato's emphasis on intuition? (60) 19. What did Aristotle believe about God? (63-64) About ethics? (66-67) 20. What was the dual legacy? INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY Study Guide, Tarnas, Section 2 Dr. Morley 1. What qualities helped Greece achieve greatness? What happened to those qualities and how did they affect Greece about the time of Alexander the Great? Individualism, humanism and rationalism. They made the Greeks unable to
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Tarnas Study Guide - INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY Study...

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