Kant Study Q's

Kant Study Q's - What two things impressed and guided...

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What two things impressed and guided Kant’s thinking? [ the starry heavens  above and the moral law within.]  What do each of these represent? [ the  necessity of physical causation, the sort of thing Newton dealt with, and the  possibility of human freedom.    These seem to be at odds in that humans are  both physical and free moral beings.] Continental rationalism (Descartes, Leibniz) was built on what model?  Mathematical. It emphasized the relation of _i deas____ to each other and  therefore had no clear connection with ____________ things as they really  are_____________. For this reason its metaphysical speculations about reality  beyond experience were considered _____ dogmatic____ [p. 291] British empiricism (Hume), by contrast, claimed that we can know only what  we experience.    So for Hume, we cannot even know that one thing causes  another.    If we cannot know causality, we cannot know the world, especially  we cannot know it through science.    For Hume, we cannot even know that  things will  always  fall toward earth.    We knows only the cases we have seen.    So we cannot make any inductive inferences {Recall that it is through induction  that we can study fifty sharks and draw a conclusion about all sharks.    But for  Hume, we know only the ones we’ve experienced.    Kant set out to build an  epistemological    foundation for science.} Kant legitimized metaphysical knowledge not by attacking scientific  knowledge, but how? [292] By discovering that the metaphysicist is doing the same thing when describing morals and freedom that a scientist does when describing the natural world. KANT’S CRITICAL PHILOSOPHY The Nature of A Priori Knowledge.   Kant affirmed that we possess a faculty that is capable of giving us knowledge  without an appeal to ____ experience____ [293 ]
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“Though our knowledge ___ begins___ with experience it does not follow that  it all ___a rises___ out of experience”   [293 ] What does Kant mean by that, 
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Kant Study Q's - What two things impressed and guided...

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