Positon Paper 1

Positon Paper 1 - Joey Shea October 9, 2007 HI104 DEVIL FAR...

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Joey Shea Position Paper #1 October 9, 2007 Dr. Jessica James HI104 DEVIL FAR AWAY IN THE NORTH During the 1800’s there were many envisions on the idea of how the “New South” should be. Two men who had opposite and debating envisions were Tom Watson, and Henry Grady. Both men had different beliefs and ideas when it came to the reconstruction on the “New South.” Both Tom Watson and Henry Grady had the opportunity for their visions of the New South to be successful and most realistic even though they hit many obstacles along the way. The first man with a vision for the “New South” was Tom Watson. He was born in 1856 in Georgia to a struggling farming family, with a grandfather who was part of the Georgia’s upcoming planter elite. He had first hand experience of the Civil Wars impact on southern agriculture, and all of the debt and decreasing prices that came along with it. This is because his father had personally struggled through these events. Despite all of his family and personal financial problems he managed to get an education. He attended Mercer University and wanted to obtain a degree in public speaking. His families’ financial problems soon caused him to have to drop out of school after his sophomore year, leading him to return to his hometown Thomson in 1814. When his family sold their farm and moved to Augusta he decided to study law, and two years later he moved to Screven County to start his own practice. The move was unsuccessful causing him to move back to Thomson and start a law practice there which turned out to be a great success. Even though he was profitable he couldn’t ignore the southern people and the decline of their southern farms. During his time the idea of sharecropping was introduced. After the civil war most plantations were separated into small farms which were operated by poor
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farmers. Farmers had to rent the land and often had to borrow money from merchants. Most farmers couldn’t pay these merchants back and found themselves in debt, and until debts were paid they had to pay interest on items. In order to secure their loans many farmers were controlled by lenders who told them what to plant on their farms. Due to decreasing cotton prices, because of there being more supply than demand, the South saw the north getting richer as they got poorer. The South accused the North of taking their profits which was directly shown by the North raising shipping prices in the South. This caused the North to gain money and the
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Positon Paper 1 - Joey Shea October 9, 2007 HI104 DEVIL FAR...

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