Darfur War - Darfur War Introduction Darfur is a region in...

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Darfur War Introduction Darfur is a region in western Sudan, and it was an independent sultanate for several hundred years, Darfur covers an area of 493,180 square kilometers. The region is divided into five federal states: Central Darfur, East Darfur, North Darfur, South Darfur and West Darfur. Because of the war in Darfur between Sudanese government forces and the indigenous population, the region has been in a state of humanitarian emergency. War in Darfur The war started since 2003 because of humanitarian emergency in this state, there are two Parties to the crisis the first party in the conflict consists of the Sudanese government forces and the Janjaweed who are an armed militia consisting of the some Arab tribes such as the Baggara and Rizeigat who are a nomadic herding camels observers believed to be backed by the Sudanese government. The other party in the conflict is a mixture of rebel groups, notably
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the Sudan Liberation Movement and the Justice and Equality Movement who descend on the origins of mostly non-Arab tribes in Darfur, such as the Fur, Zaghawa and Masalit. Although the government of Sudan denies any support for groups such as the Janjaweed, but that a lot of countries and international organizations accuse the Sudanese government of providing material support and arms to the Janjaweed teams and even participate with them in their assault on the tribes that support the rebels It seems that the lack of rain, desertification and population growth was one of the main reasons for the outbreak of this crisis. Tribes were Albagara during their search for water and food are forced to leave to the existing agricultural areas in Darfur. On February 6, 2009 the United Nations said that the continued fighting between Sudanese government forces and rebels in southern Darfur in the first week of the month of February 2009 caused the displacement of more than 30 thousand people came out of their homes. Especially from the regions of Sheiria and Muhajeriya City area. The Sudanese army also said "it took over the town of Muhajiriya from rebels Justice and Equality Movement.
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