CL102part2

CL102part2 - 2/1 Section “The Iliad” Paris takes Helen,...

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2/1 Section “The Iliad” Paris takes Helen, the most Beautiful women Trojan war begins at wedding of Peleus and Thetis - Eris (discord) throws a golden apple to be given to the most beautiful goddess - Zeus makes Paris make the decision- chooses Aphrodite because she offers to give Helen - Aphrodite- Troy - Athena, Hera- Greeks Homeric Values: 1. Time- Greek concept of honor a. 1.167-181 Achilles to Agamemnon b. avenging the honor of Menelaus initial war, Achilles is being dishonored when give up prize c. value that others place on you 2. Geras- concept of prize a. Honor derives from status and perceived status by members of a community b. Prize shows honor 3. Arete- Excellence a. Achilles- strength, courage 4. Kleos- fame, glory a. Bestowed on you by community b. 12.320-341- gain glory from being the best c. 9.320 Achilles not going back to fight because he is not getting a prize for everything he does- dishonor Conflict: 1. Agamemnon and Achilles a. Chryseis and Briseis are two Trojan maidens captured b. Chryseis is returned to father because prophecy that Greeks will lose until she is returned 2. Zeus and Hera a. Seriousness of conflict between Agamemnon and Achilles, more triteness between Zeus and Hera b. Both begin because of praying to a God c. Both end with intervention of a third party d. Power struggle: Zeus and Hera: Hera wants to be equal but not e. Agamemnon and Achilles: Achilles wants glory, Agamemnon wants power
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2/14 1. Golden Age/Race a. Nature produces everything that people need 2. Silver Race a. Takes a hundred yeas to reach maturity b. State of perpetual childhood c. Rest of life is short and violent d. Honored in death, less so then golden 3. Bronze Race a. Warriors, constantly fighting b. Dwell in Hades 4. Heroes/ Demigods a. Iliad, Odyssey, etc (Homeric Heros) 5. Iron Race a. Present age, plagued by hardship b. Indecent, uncultured c. Ultimately will be destroyed by Zeus Ahura Mazda - Zarathusta/ Zorcastes - Theory of 4 different ages Daniel: Five different kingdoms, after last God will set up own kingdom Society declines in framework of metals - Identical myths migrated from one place to another - Myths of gradual demoraltation - Explain how we got where we are Xenia- guest friendship Offer of hospitality created important generation of life Gold is seen as best metal even though weakest in battle Iron not as valuable even though the strongest Zeus’ attribute/ distinguishing characteristic is lightning bolt and septor Kings take Zeus as there patron God
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2/6 Bo-Opis: Ox-eyed, Quality of Hera - Keen, Hera goddess of open fields and herds - Priests have cow-like features (Io) Io: Zeus turns her into a cow thinking that Hera won’t notice - Hera sends Argos (100 eyes) to watch Io and make sure she is not sleeping with Zeus - Zeus sends Hermes to kill Argos (also has cow-like properties from killing ox and wearing ox hide) - Hermes puts eyes to sleep with staff and kills Argos K. Meuli: Comedy of Innocence - Rituals were there is human inclination to kill something; want to make self-
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course CL 102 taught by Professor Bing during the Spring '08 term at Emory.

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CL102part2 - 2/1 Section “The Iliad” Paris takes Helen,...

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