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AHrealtodada - Realism Characteristics Mid nineteenth...

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Realism: Characteristics: - Mid nineteenth century artists rejected the precepts of the Salon in belief that art should record ordinary life - Idea that art should reflect the “unvarnished truth” - Subjects were generally regarded as not important enough for a serious work of art and tended to get bad reviews in the press - Rejection of Classicism and Romanticism style with the new idea that ordinary people and activities were worthy subjects - Focus on concept of light Architecture: - Realism produces no new style of architecture and few valuable sculptures - Introduction of new technologies in constructions History: - Rise of Realism defined by revolution of 1848 when coalition of socialists, anarchists, and workers overthrew the July Monarchy - Called the Positivist Age: Age of faith in all knowledge which would derive from science and scientific objective methods to solve all human problems - Courbet turned attention to poor and ordinary people Photography: - Interest in expression of the new, positivist interest in descriptive accuracy - Acceptance of photography as an art form alongside paining and sculpture took longer - Cameron: more personal and less dependent on existing forms Calotype: - Introduced by Henry Fox Talbot. First type of printing that allowed multiple copies from one negative - Uses paper coated with silver iodide to transfer negative Albumen: - First commercial method of transferring a photographic print from a negative to a piece of paper - Used the albumen from egg whites to bind the photographic chemicals to the paper. Impressionism: History: -Impressionism was a 19th century art movement that began as a loose association of Paris -based artists , who began exhibiting their art publicly in the 1860s. The name of the movement is derived from the title of a Claude Monet work, Impression, Sunrise (Impression, soleil levant) Characteristics: 1
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1. Short, thick strokes of paint are used to quickly capture the essence of the subject, rather than its details. Brushstrokes are visible. The paint is often applied impasto . 2. Colors are applied side-by-side with as little mixing as possible, creating a vibrant surface. The optical mixing of colors occurs in the eye of the viewer. Painted realistic scenes of modern life, they emphasized vivid overall effects rather than details. They used short, "broken" brush strokes of pure and unmixed color, not smoothly blended, as was customary, in order to achieve the effect of intense color vibration.
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