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Unformatted text preview: PE 101 Midterm Review Chapter 1: Health the Basics pp. 30-32: Psychosocial Health They feel good about themselves They feel comfortable with other people They control tension and anxiety They are able to meet the demands of life They curb hate and guilt They maintain a positive outlook They enrich the lives of others They cherish the things that make them smile They appreciate and respect nature ***Mental, Emotional, Social, Spiritual Health pp. 40: Sleep and Insomnia Conservation of energy and restoration Establish consistent sleep schedule Change anything that could be keeping you awake (noise, etc.) Exercise regularly Limit caffeine and alcohol Avoid eating a heavy meal or drinking large amounts of liquid before bedtime Get up and do something else if not asleep after 30 minutes Nap only during the afternoon Establish nighttime rituals that put you into mood to sleep pp. 40-41: Mind-Body Connection and Happiness: A Key to Well-Being Emotional distress can cause physical ailments and sickness Subjective well-being: feelings of inner peace and wonder that equal happiness o Satisfaction with present life o Relative presence of positive emotions o Relative absence of negative emotions o No happiest age o No gender gap for happiness o Minimal racial differences in happiness o Money does not buy happiness pp. 41: Effects of Laughter Humors lessens depression and anxiety Humor as coping mechanism predisposes positive mood Can help depressed and suicidal people recover Shared jokes increase sense of belonging and social cohesion pp. 42-44: Depression Loss of interest in life activities Fatigue/Insomnia Difficulty concentrating/Restlessness/Irritability/Agitation Preoccupation with failures and inadequacies Withdrawal from friends and family Persistent physical symptoms that dont respond to treatment (headaches, etc.) Thoughts of suicide; suicide attempts pp. 43: Differences in Depression Experiences Due to Gender Women depression rates twice those of men o In college men and women have equal rates Men hide depression more than women do pp. 44: Risks for Depression and Facts and Fallacies about Depression Depression caused by interaction b/w biology, learned behavioral responses, and cognitive factors People vulnerable to depression b/c genetic history, environment, situational triggers and stressors, poor behavioral skills, and brain-body chemistry True depression is not a natural reaction to crisis and loss People will not snap out of depression by using a little willpower Frequent crying is not a hallmark of depression Depression is not all in the mind In depth psychotherapy is not the only cure for long term clinical depression pp. 46-48: Anxiety Disorders and Treatments Panic Disorders o A form of acute anxiety reaction that brings on an intense physical reaction (ex. Jitters, racing heart, shortness of breath, perspiration, etc.)racing heart, shortness of breath, perspiration, etc....
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- Spring '07