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CL102Notespart1

CL102Notespart1 - 1/16 The Muses 9 goddesses responsible...

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1/16 The Muses- 9 goddesses responsible for inspiring the arts Mother of the Muses: Mnemoyne- Memory The Muses Names: 1. Kleio: I narrate, or I celebrate 2. Euterpe: Delightful 3. Thaleia: Festivity 4. Melpomene: Songstress 5. Terpsichore: Delighting in the dance 6. Erato: Lovely 7. Polymnia: She who knows many hymns 8. Ourania: Heavenly 9. Kaliope: She of the beautiful voice Quality, form, passion, emotion- all deal with inspiration, evoking the Muses Homer’s Iliad 2.522-533 –evoking the Muses - Poet evokes the Muses for precise account of facts - Muses know everything because they have always been since at least human creation Muses are the daughter of memory- dealing with oral society and oral traditions where not all people are literate - Homer’s Iliad is an epic poem that was written in the last third of the 8 th century Alphabet was introduced in the 1 st half of the 8 th century - formed the alphabet without vowels Greek: Phenetic Alphabet - took from Phenetian alphabet - 1 st where there were 24 symbols that combined a variety of symbols and sounds - allowed anyone to learn to read In a society with no archives, written laws poetry becomes the vehicle for expressing deepest thoughts, customs Muses responsible for both truths and stories Hesiod’s Theogony –birth, coming of being, birth of the gods are the subject of Hesiod’s work Jan Vansina “Oral traditions as History” “Living Memory- Recent past, heard from eyewitnesses or direct acoount o 3 to 4 generations, 80 to 100 years o Individual experience of recent history o Living memory, direct experience, hearsay Floating Gap- period when data and information becomes scarcer o Forms a gap in knowledge o Floating because it keeps moving forward as living memory moves
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o Traditional oral society “Cultural” Memory o Communicated in ritualized context o Mythic origins, events belonging to remote past Muses were evoked for different purposes - mythic creatures but there was more then one way to use them 1/18 Section Hesiod’s Theogony Anthropomorphic- study of the human form - Characteristic of Greek though God’s in Hesiod and Homer sometimes thought to be subconscious - Hesiod expresses only traditional view - Significant categories in reproduction
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