Criminology 4-8-08

Criminology 4-8-08 - Second outline due a week from today...

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Second outline due a week from today Abstract – 100 words or less Opening sentences (3) and last sentences (3) At least 3 sources CONTROL THEORIES: THE NEGATIVE VIEW OF HUMANITY David Matza Setting the Agenda o In this book I have attempted to develop a conception of delinquency which differs in some ways from that projected in positive criminology. In revising the current conception, I have tried to fit many of the empirical observations of positive criminologists in to a framework mores consistent with classical assumptions and teachings .” –Matza Critiquing Positivism o Three Key assumptions of Positivism Primacy of the criminal actor rather than the criminal law In its quest for “scientific” status, criminology has adopted a stance of hard determinism The delinquent is fundamentally different from a law-abiding person Biological Positivism, Psychological Positivism, and Sociological Positivism Biological Positivism o Seek the origins of delinquency in the physiological constitution of the offender Inherited (body shape) and acquired (e.g. injuries) characteristics Predispositions to delinquency are not dependent upon social interaction o Presumed relationship between morphology and behavior Crime is, at bottom, a behavior so it must have a constitutional basis Psychological Positivism o Criminal propensities developed in intimate personal relationships
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course SOCI 301 taught by Professor Myrstol during the Spring '08 term at Arkansas.

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Criminology 4-8-08 - Second outline due a week from today...

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