soc. of religion exam 3

soc. of religion exam 3 - Erin LaVanway Sociology of...

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Erin LaVanway March 31, 2008 Sociology of Religion Exam 3 1. According to Küng, our present world is in growing crisis and in need of revolution, which he calls a historical paradigm shift from Modernity toward Post-modernity or a Post-Modern world. Critically describe what Küng means by this paradigm shift? What is this post-modern paradigm and its values, and against what is it struggling? Kung’s notion of a revolution isn’t a revolutionary war but a revolution of social change; a change to something different than what is to create a better future. We need to see transcendence on a horizontal playing field instead of the original vertical notion. We need to see it as transcending into the future and bring it into our lives now, it’s not something that comes later, but now, we create the better future by the making changes now. Before the notion was that it will get better later, but we need to come to the realization that we can make it better now. This is ultimately what Kung is saying by the post-modern world. He says that the religions need to come together to create this change and that religion has to be at the base of this change because religion give you the hope that you need to create the better future. He says that when you lose this hope you lose the focus that you have on creating a better future and when you lose this, you ultimately settle for what is and everything around will end up collapsing. Kung says that we must over come modernity, the divide between the religious and secular and in order to do this we must have new values
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and new morals. We originally shifted from feudalism where the idea was “I think because God is or God made me.” Then, we had a scientific revolution and we shifted to the idea that “I think, therefore I am” and we got this idea of capitalism where the few profit over the many and people were turned into objects, we go to work and do the same repetitive thing over and over and become part of the machinery. We no longer control it, it controls us. Kung’s idea puts us into a subject-subject relationship where we communicate and no longer have this class structure. This idea that Kung has of moving into a post-modern world is struggling because people don’t realize that they can make the change now that they always just have the hope that a better world will come about and they need to realize that they need to start making the change now. If they start making the change now then they can have the better future. They need to do this before it’s too late. Kung says that by making this change we aren’t to forget the past, but use the past, remember the past so we don’t repeat it. 2. According to Kung: “Human beings must exhaust their human potential in a unprecedented way to produce the most humane society possible and an intact environment.” [p. 31] Critically explain why Kung makes the “ humanum ” the universal goal and criterion of any new world ethic? How does/can religion
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course SOC 280 taught by Professor Namaste during the Winter '08 term at Grand Valley State.

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soc. of religion exam 3 - Erin LaVanway Sociology of...

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